Saturday , April 17 2021

How Google manages artificial intelligence for Africa by Africans



Over the years, artificial intelligence has gone through the past of the impression of robots in science-fiction movies and novels. And its importance has become undoubtedly clear, especially on the African continent.


Proposed Read: Why More Africans Need to Take Care of Machine Learning


Last year, Google announced plans to open an artificial intelligence center in Africa; finally he made it to Accra, Ghana.

In this context, "why Ghana?"The issue is as important as it does not seem. When asked, a Google representative said there were no strong factors in the game, that it was an attempt to distribute Google initiatives across the whole of Africa.

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Led by the Scientific Researcher, Mustafa Sisse, the Google AI team in Accra, "builds solutions to power AIs for problems in the real world."

Moustapha Cisse. Google AI Accra Center leads

Cisse, originally from Senegal, is the Google's Chief Acc Accra Center. He solidly describes the team and the work they do;

"A group of researchers working on basic aspects of AI and applied problems in collaboration with local researchers working in various institutions across the country and in Africa."

An extremely diverse team of 10 different countries has joined forces to tackle the fundamental challenges associated with AI and Africa.

From education, health to environmental protection and agriculture, the application of artificial intelligence is infinite.

The use of AI to improve the health of people and plants is very important because the essence of improved food safety and life expectancy can not be overestimated.

Using TensorFlow; researchers at Makerer University in Uganda have built a program that can detect plant diseases from the caissons only by pointing a camera with smartphones to their leaves.

In addition to the health of plants and people, communication is another important aspect that the AI ​​team is interested in.

While there are little more than 250 languages ​​in Europe, Africa has more than 2,000 spoken languages ​​making it the easiest linguistically diverse place on earth.

Cisse said that if Africans are able to communicate beyond these language barriers with billions of people who will live on the continent in the coming decades, they will unlock opportunities and provide access to more information.

All of these areas and much more are where the Google AI Accra team is working to bring out such a relevant Africa Exploration Project and an open source for people to build excellent products.

To do this, the team is also difficult for local co-operation.

According to Sisse:

"For AI and related fields, we will provide grant for research at faculties, scholarships for doctoral studies and sponsors of Masters programs, this is already the African Institute of Mathematical Science. We also sponsor related conferences such as DeepLearning Indaba and Learning Data in Africa ".

Democratization of AI can be a challenge on many fronts. The world, especially Africa, is rapidly becoming mobile in terms of the preferred computer medium. This means that the AI ​​will come to a large extent on smartphones.

Because of cost-effectiveness, budget smartphones and telephones with 256 megabytes to 1 gigabyte of internal memory are quite popular in Africa. In 2018, the International Data Corporation (IDC) revealed that 60% of phones sold in Africa in 2017 are distinctive phones.

These devices are limited by low performance and limited resources, so improving accessibility to AI will mean designing accurate and compact learning machines that can be deployed on smaller machines.

The Google AI Accra team says it will work on redesigning these learning machines to democratize the use of artificial intelligence and making AI more accessible to many more people.

Responsibly intelligent

Sisse, the AI's social welfare advocate, addresses the global fear of the negative effects and effects of artificial intelligence; bias and discrimination.

"We do all these surveys while being careful and careful about the design and use of this technology. In the center of Google AI, we see the work we do as an opportunity to contribute to doing good in the world. This means that we are looking at the fundamental issues for fairness and transparency, "he said.

Nyalleng Moorosi, a software engineer and a member of the Google Accra AI team, whose work is primarily focused on the diversity of AI, also touched the issue.

Nyalleng Moorosi, software engineer and team member at Google AI Accra Center

She said that such algorithms are a feature of feeding data.

"The more different sets of data are used in the construction, the more accurate the algorithm represents the end users for which it was originally intended," Moroshi said while emphasizing the importance of Africans in the AI's construction process.

The cases used for AI look endless, and Africa with its growth will be the biggest beneficiary of this boom if properly positioned. And AI Center for African Africans looks like the best stand.


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Twitter: @victor_ekwealor
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