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Focus disaster risk, like African countries, match for key meetings

The Herald

Efri Gogo

R.Risk education of extreme disaster events, such as cyclone Idai, will be the focus of a regional meeting to be held in Harare later this month by the African Risk Capacity (ARC), a specialized agency of the African Union.

The two-day meeting will bring together ARC member states from East and South Africa, regional experts, the private sector and others.

ARC spokesman Chinedog Mogalou said the overall purpose of the workshop is for the agency to get feedback from the country on "how it can increase its access and align with current initiatives in the region to better integrate the program and create awareness of additional workflows ”.

Established in 2012, African Risk Capacity is designed to strengthen government-led disaster risk management and risk management systems.

It aims to achieve this by strengthening the capacity for early warning and risk qualification, as well as operational planning for early response and risk transfer and financing tools in AU Member States.

Since its inception, the agency has provided $ 400m in drought risk coverage and nearly $ 37m in insurance payments, helping to support 2.1 million people exposed to disasters.

Now, East and South African countries have been badly affected in recent decades by recurring disasters related to climate change such as droughts, floods, tropical cyclones, as well as diseases and epidemics.

Still fresh in memory is the example of the cyclone Idai, which meant many things to different people in different countries, after leaving a trail of destruction and death.

Such disasters have also resulted in food and water scarcity, displacement of people and loss of resources, especially for the most vulnerable groups of the population.

According to the ARC, some disasters are serious enough to cause huge fiscal risks and budgetary instability, forcing governments – including Zimbabwe – not to make sustainable budget redirects and additional budgets.

Incidents of this nature are expected to worsen now and in the future due to climate change, making disaster risk management a major aspect of economic and social development.

In this context, governments in the US and East Africa have recognized the importance of responding early, efficiently and effectively to disasters "to minimize climate uncertainties, including volatility in national budgets, and to protect sustainable livelihood investments, in particular their most vulnerable population. ”

However, in most cases countries are constrained by extensive fiscal challenges and a lack of sufficient capacity to deliver this response in a timely manner.

This is where the African risk capacity comes from.

One of the ARC's key mechanisms for dealing with the multiple threats of extreme events is the Disaster Risk and Insurance Financing Initiative (DRFI), which is already used by many countries within the United States and elsewhere.

The initiative revolves around innovative advances in disaster risk management, early warning, information analysis and risk financing instruments that governments have or are adopting within their day-to-day management systems.

The Harare meeting is expected to review the implementation of the DRI mechanism, as well as to align the ARC "programs with other disaster risk financing initiatives for improved efficiency in implementing the country-wide program".

Chindu Mohaluu revealed that he would also "identify innovative approaches to mobilizing resources to support the premium financing at the country or regional level".

At the meeting, the AU agency is also expected to consult on the introduction of new programs, such as the "Epidemics and Epidemics" (O&E) product, which "aims to strengthen the capacity of Member States in readiness and response to epidemics. "

"It is worth the ARC to consider implementing the program to improve understanding of its value proposition across the region," Mogalou said in a statement.

In doing so, the agency will be "aware of all other similar initiatives implemented by stakeholders and will explore the best approaches to aligning similar initiatives in efficiency countries", he added.

The Idai Cyclone has proven a limbus test of Zimbabwe's readiness to deal with disaster situations that have become more frequent, intense and harmful. It was a failure.

Given climate change and global warming, Zimbabwe needs to increase its disaster risk management and preparedness capabilities.

The trend is to combine these answers with climate change adaptation, since most of today's natural disasters are now directly related to science.

Such strategies can help Zimbabwe redefine its development aid by working hard to harness national wealth to meet the needs of the poor – whatever the savings.

God is faithful.

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