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The secret of national treasures and treasures: the treasures of the river

Friday, February 1 201nd 00:31 (GMT + 7)

Kai Rang floating market is the busiest of floating markets in Tai Do, selling handicrafts, agricultural products, household products, food products, household products …

Kai Rang floating market is not only a very unique cultural activity in the community life in the Tay area to the district, but also a national intangible heritage. Many years ago, Can Tho City has developed a project to preserve and develop this famous tourist site.

A long time ago

"The market floated from midnight in the morning
I'm still from the middle of the sunset
I put down the base of Ba Lang
I love you Xang Can Tho Lake "

The song "Floating Market Cai Rank" by Huin Kim partly describes the typical activity of the Cai Rang floating market. According to many documents, Kai Rang derives from Khmer as a "karan", which means "coffee – Mr. Apple", which is foam molding. Formerly, Khmer people in Xa Ton (now belonging to the area of ​​Three Ton, Guangdong province) made many cucumbers, and then filled up a lot of big snitches along the Kai River to park in the Cai Rang, floating on the market. Over time, locals pronounce "KARAN" in Cai Rang.

Mysterious treasure and national heritage: the wealth of the river - 1

Kai Rang floating market is an attractive tourist destination of Can Tho

According to the Can Tho City Institute of Social Economy, Kai Rank is a prosperous country, formed by the rule of King Min Mang. By 1897, Kai rank was one of the 10 Can Tho markets that developed strongly. By the end of the nineteenth century, the French had dug the Nga Bay – Ha Ne channel to help trade expand. In parallel with the operation of the coast market, the river also forms a market with hundreds of boats and boats on the day of trading and exchange of goods. Vietnamese sell fruits and vegetables; Chinese raft houses sell groceries, while Khmer ship merchants sell coffee.

Kai Rang floating market was formed in the early years of the twentieth century, when the French channel excavation was completed in 1915. The position of the floating market is now at the intersection of 4 rivers: Can Tho, Dau Sau, Kai Xin, Kai Rang Bi, adjacent to the shore market, near the sides of the Cai Rang Bridge today. In the early 90s of the twentieth century, due to the hurdles on the floating roads, this floating market was moved from the bridge to Phong Dien, downstream from the Can Tho River, about 600 meters from the Cai Rang Bridge, in the afternoon. wide covers the average river channel of 100-120 m, along the river 1,3-1,5 km.

According to the study of author Nham Hung, from 1945-1975, Kai Rang floating market and other floating markets in the West were not exciting, as the government at the time did not encourage the collection of boats, crowded boats on the river to easy to control the safety. After 1975, especially after the Party of Renovation Party's policy in 1986, trade activities on floating markets were restored and developed rapidly. Kai Rang floating market is located on the waterway of the Hau River – Xa No channel, so it is very convenient for trade. This is why Kai Rang floating market is the largest and busiest in the region. Articles on floating markets are diverse, such as agricultural products, handicrafts, household items, food products, basic household items …

The tree hanging on the boat is the only form of supply on floating markets. Sellers who have any kind of agricultural products for sale will hang a product on the floor of the ship to offer (call the tree). Buyers who see agricultural products will know what they are selling.

The method of delivering people to the floating market is also very specific: buyers and sellers stand on the shipping boat by juggling goods from one hand to another. At one time, the density of the floating market ships was up to 500-600 units. Kai's ice market is not as crowded as it is due to the development of the road. According to Mr. Bui Huu Sang, Head of Information and Culture Department of County Cai Rang, there are only about 150 dealers and retailers in the floating market; in which there are about 40 fixed merchant ships.

Enter the top 10 most impressive markets in the world

In 2016, the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism (VH-TT-DL) recognizes the culture of the Kai market as a national intangible heritage. That same year, Can Tho approved the project "Cai Rang floating market preservation and development" with a total investment of over VND 63 billion. Accordingly, the buoy will be installed to limit the anchoring boats, the formation of the Board of Management of Cai Rang floating market, construction of a floating market port, public toilets, yachts …

After almost 3 years of project implementation, there were many positive results: propaganda for raising awareness of people and traders for the preservation of floating markets and development of tourism; Maintaining the ca tai tu service on the river to promote and maintain tourists … Cai Rang District also distributed garbage bins to every household that lives in a floating market and equipped with rescue boats to protect the environment. The British newspaper "Rough Guide" once voted the Cai Rang market as one of the 10 most impressive markets in the world.

Mr Tran Thanh Lam, a trader specializing in the sale of agricultural products in Vinh Long, excitedly: "I used to transport agricultural products from garden houses in Vinh Long to resell the Cai Rang floating market. What I like about the floating market This is a very safe flow of traffic, moreover, there is no situation of waste that runs as before. "According to Mr. Sang, in order to preserve and develop the floating market of Cai Rang, in recent years and in the coming years , The District People's Committee in cooperation with the Department of Culture, Sports and Tours am the Kanto city organizes tourist festival "Culture Cai ranking floating market" with much propaganda and promotion activities, combining many cultural, artistic, sporting and fitness activities …

Upgrading the floating market

On average, Kai Rang floating market welcomes around 2,500-3,000 visitors. This is a tourist destination that is often used to travel to many companies, tourists coming to floating markets are increasing from 15% -20% per year. However, visitors come to the floating market once and seldom return, because the service is not yet abundant.

Mr Tran Viet Fuong, director of the Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism, said: "Recently, the site invested over 14.8 billion VNDs to compensate and support the relocation of the Sunhouse farm and warehouse. The renovation of this site as a station for the Cai Rand Handy Market, including facilities: building a 2-storey observatory for tourists to use coffee, enjoy the panoramic market, agricultural products, pure fruits or the distribution of entertainment activities to serve tourists …

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