For this, "mass exercises" will be conducted at the event with a scenario for the fictitious impact of objects close to Earth (NEO, according to its acronym in English), developed by the NEO study center of the reactive power laboratory. NASA Experts, who will meet Monday, April 29 to Friday 3 May in Maryland, USA, will work with the hypothesis of an alleged asteroid discovered on March 26, classified as potentially dangerous.
After several months of monitoring, the simulation predicted that the asteroid, baptized as 2019 PDC, is likely to have an impact of 1% on Earth in 2027, as it will change to 0.05 astronomical units (each unit is equal to the distance between the Earth and the Sun, 149,597,871 kilometers).
According to recreation, the 2019 PDC is located at 57 million kilometers, but is approaching nearly 50,000 kilometers per hour and is getting brighter. Under these conditions, specialists will assess possible preparations for missions to mitigate the hazards.
Lindley Johnson, of NASA's Planetary Defense Office, said these exercises are really useful for understanding what experts in disaster management should know.
"These exercises will help us to develop more effective communications between us and our governments," he added.
The risk of comets
Another scenario, analyzed by space agency specialists, will be the possible comet threat, discovered on April 4, also according to a fictional pattern that could affect the Earth on February 28, 2021.
In addition to NASA and its Planetary Defense Coordination Office, representatives of the US State and Defense Departments will also participate in the conference. and the International Asteroid Warning Network, among other agencies.