Pneumonia will kill nearly 11 million children under the age of five by 2030, if current trends persist, experts on World Day devoted to this lung infection warned on Monday.
Of the 10.8 million deaths forecast, 1.7 million could have been registered in only two countries, Nigeria and India, according to the Johns Hopkins University in the United States and the Save the Children non-governmental organization.
700,000 children will die of this disease in Pakistan and 635,000 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. According to the World Health Organization, this is the first contagious cause of death among children and causes 15% of deaths among children under 5 years of age.
The World Health Organization estimates that in the world in 2015, 92.2 thousand children under the age of 5 died of pneumonia.
This disease can be caused by viruses, bacteria and fungi.
"Prevention is possible thanks to vaccination, satisfying nutritional status and improvement of environmental factors," says WHO.
According to research, 4.1 million children could be saved by implementing these measures: increase the global coverage of vaccination, provide access to antibiotics and improve the nutrition of children most at risk.
"It's unbelievable that nearly a million children die each year because of a disease that we can overcome despite everything," said Kevin Watkins, head of Save the Children, calling for a drastic reduction in vaccine prices. AFP