Work can be stressful, but some of them cause a greater psychological burden than others, according to the new report of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
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The agency has recently carried out a study to identify occupational groups with the highest suicide rates. To this end, they analyzed data from 17 countries that participated in the National Death Report System from 2012 and 2015.
Overall, the researchers analyzed the deaths of suicides with 22,053 working-age Americans, and then identified jobs using the Standard Occupational Classifications set up by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Assessing the results, they found that in 2015 in the field of construction and mining, which includes works such as carpenters, electricians and miners, the highest suicide rate for men calculated 53.2 suicides per 100,000 workers.
As for women in 2015, the highest suicide rates were recorded in professions related to art, design, entertainment, sport and media, with 15.6 suicides per 100,000 employees. These works include illustrators, tattooists and professional sports players.
The largest increase in suicides among men took place in the professional group of art, design, entertainment, sport and the media. In the years 2012-2015 there was a 47% increase. The largest increase for women in 2012-2015 concerned a group dealing with the preparation and serving of food, where there was a 54-percent increase.
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The field of education, training and libraries, including teachers, professors and archivists, was characterized by the lowest suicide rate of both men and women.
Analysts have been unable to pinpoint the exact reason for the link between certain careers and suicide rates, because they believe there are several explanations.
"The etiology of suicide is multifactorial, and determining the role that professional factors can play in suicide risk is complicated," explained the team. "Both work (eg Small work control or job insecurity) and non-functioning factors (eg Conflict of relationship) are associated with mental suffering and suicide."
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Scientists have noticed some limitations. They admitted that the arrangements were not representative of the country, because only 17 countries participated in them. However, they said that there should be more knowledge about suicide rates from each occupational group.
"A better understanding of how suicides are distributed by a professional group can help inform about prevention and policy." Because many adults spend a significant amount of their time at work, the workplace is an important but underused place to prevent suicide, "the authors write . "Additional and tailored preventive approaches may be necessary to support workers at increased risk."
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Want to learn more about the rating? Read the full report here.