One day in the future, parents can poke their children and say, "Pack your suitcases. We're going to Mars." For people, interplanetary exploration has always been a challenge and a dream. Dreams were realized when Neil Armstrong and his Apollo 11 crew landed on the Moon at 20:17 UTC on July 20, 1969. Landing Apollo 11 and the first walk on the moon carried out by the commander of the mission Neil Armstrong (referred to as the first man to land on the moon) and pilot Buzz Aldrin remains historic and allowed more people to dream of putting a foot on an alien planet.
After the moon, the cosmic brotherhood set its sights on Mars. The distinction between landing on the moon and landing on Mars would be that we will not be back. The red planet is widely perceived as a permanent human settlement, not as a temporary destination in which people land, walk and travel home. The new Mars season, debuting today at 21:00 at National Geographic, looks at the people who colonize Mars and how co-existence will be a challenge.
Space has always been a very guarded arena, and the implementation of missions on other planets has been limited to space agencies such as NASA and ESA. However, the entry of more private players in the last decade has led to new opportunities. If Apollo 11 is the crown jewel of the NASA mission, sending people into space will be the crown jewel of space missions run by private companies.
Watch: The first look at Mars season 2
Human fascination with space
Needless to say, we humans have always been fascinated by the word "SPACE". The earliest glimpses of this can be seen in a remote village, where grandmother can be seen nursing a small child, showing the moon. The moon is not an abstract object here, but it serves as a place where the child imagines that he is to arouse curiosity in a young kid who can grow into one who will set foot on the moon.
Before we talk about space and the associated fascination with people, we understand the definition of space. Space, simply called space, is a space that exists outside the Earth and between celestial bodies. It was the fascination with the cosmos that led to the Apollo 8 mission, which allowed us to look at the Earth from the outer orbit and present Yuri Gagarin, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Kalpana Chawla, Scott Kelly & # 39; ego, among others as a hero.
Getting and surviving on Mars
There are many reasons why we intend to colonize Mars in the near future. The most likely reason seems to be the one that has to do with Earth itself. As we all know, 70 percent of the earth is made up of water and there are opportunities that the land mass will continue to decrease due to climate change. In such a scenario, the pressure on Earth to accommodate people will become difficult. The second reason is that Mars turned out to be the most habitable planet in our Solar System on Earth.
It has water for extraction and is neither too hot nor too cold to survive. Like Earth, gravity on Mars is 38 percent, and its atmosphere can protect us from cosmic rays and solar radiation. It gets enough sunlight to use solar panels for electricity, and its day / night rhythm 24 hours, 39 minutes and 35 seconds is closer to what we have on Earth.
While the reasons for turning Mars into a second human colony are clear, and the way to land on Mars has also been dealt with, the more important is the question of how we will survive. The average temperature on Mars is well below zero and the weather is generally considered extreme. According to NASA, the temperature difference from Monday to Tuesday can be as bad as 170 degrees. One of the basic survival requirements would be to wear a spacesuit all the time. People will be forced to prepare for adverse sandstorms, and the first people there will have to adapt to a different climate.
"People who go there are true pioneers," said Jim Green, NASA's lead scientist USA Today. Green claims that the first people on Mars will have to farm and create a source of food. These first people will also have to build houses, while scientists believe that beans, asparagus and potatoes are vital crops for the soil. It also gives private corporations the opportunity to create a habitat there.
"Mars will not only be for scientists and dreamers, people will be there to make profits," said Andy Weir, author of the magazine "Martian." "If there is money on Mars, then people will go there to make money," he added.
The transition from science fiction to reality
The first people going to Mars do not have to go one way. Instead, there may be several astronauts landing on Mars, understanding the physics of human survival and returning to take more people with them. If this attempt is successful, we can be multiple mission crews from various companies and space agencies around the world, sending people to Mars. The first group of people landing on Mars can be billionaires and millionaires who want to escape from Earth.
As with air transport, for most people on Earth, space tourism will be affordable at the beginning. However, it will reach a point where more and more people will be able to reserve space in the space vehicle. Although it sounded like "vaporware" in the beginning, it becomes a real thing at a very fast pace. It takes six to eight months for people to land on Mars depending on the orbit of entry and the start time. Life there once was not only a challenge, but also a satisfaction for future generations. We could see how the first people land on Mars next year, but the real colonization will start only in 2024. Yes, scenes from the 2016 Passengers movie will become reality and you can only hope that your hibernation desktop does not fail in the middle of the journey.
Private corporations make it a reality
Today we are talking about going to Mars, for a European tour, because of the development of these new, cosmic entrepreneurs. The strongest supporter of sending people into space is Elon Musk. Co-founder and CEO of Tesla and SpaceX has a vested interest in a manned mission to the Red Planet.
A few years ago, if someone told you about the idea of sending a rocket to the outer orbit, and then recovering it using a re-burning fuel, you would laugh at the idea. Today, rocket recovery has become the norm and all loans go to SpaceX and Elon Musk. Musk imagined that he was going to retrieve the rockets, which would reduce the cost of entry into space in the early stages of life. His memories carefully show how Musk was fascinated by the Cosmos and imagined an era in which missions would be carried out in such a way that the rockets would be recovered and re-used to perform another mission.
After several unsuccessful attempts and near bankruptcy, SpaceX decided to recover his rockets. In this way, the company has sent many missions to the outer orbit using a rocket that has been used many times. The same idea paves the way for sending people into space, who will travel on a space capsule called the BFR.
SpaceX designs the BFR as a fully reusable vehicle and serves a variety of areas, including spacing satellites, space station missions and interplanetary transport. The BFR, which will eventually replace Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy and Dragon, consists of two stages – the amplifier and the ship. The ship is supposed to drop people to the surface of Mars, while the amplifier is to recover for future missions.
Elon Musk and his SpaceX tower over a private space enterprise, but there are a lot of players who remain unreasonable in their messages and can be far in their plans. One such name is Blue Origin, a private startup launched by Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos. Bezos is the richest man in the world and as of 17 November 2018. Bloomberg estimates it is worth 132 billion dollars.
In the last few years Bezos sold his capital to his e-commerce company, Amazon.com Inc., to finance Blue Origin. In his vision, Blue Origin has millions of people living and working in space. The company, like SpaceX, will rely on reusable rockets and has two vehicles – New Shepard and New Glenn. The new Shepard is a vehicle that will send people into space, while New Glenn is able to take people and loads into low-orbit orbits.
While SpaceX wants to send people to Mars and help them colonize the Red Planet, Blue Origin wants to start with the creation of space tourism. It seems that people are cutting a huge attempt to fly into the low orbits of the earth and see the earth from above, they click on the selfie and then they come back as the beginning. Although most of them remain a mystery, most analysts and space observers believe that the company has much more to do in space exploration.
Virgin Galactic, a space aerospace company with the British group of billionaires Richard Branson Virgin Group, is another big name in a private space race. He also sees Kosmos as a tourist opportunity and develops launch vehicles capable of sending people to space and bringing them back. The unique feature of Virgin Galactic is that the SpaceShipTwo suborbit spacecraft is launched under the carrier's aircraft. Just the thrill of acceleration, and then getting into the upper orbit with additional rockets, will be worth the price.
SpaceX, Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic are key names in a private space race, but there are smaller outfits such as XCOR Aerospace, Stratolaunch Systems, Sierra Nevada Corporation, United Launch Alliance, and Arianespace to name a few. All these companies have a unified mission – they transport people to the outer orbit and ultimately create a human environment on Mars.
What the future will bring
As people we all like to travel, but the future will be one in which we will travel in space. On a beautiful Saturday morning, the idea of traveling alone does not necessarily come from the nearest airport. You could hope to fly into space from the launcher. It would be revolutionary for many reasons, because people collected data and built a new lifestyle from scratch.