Friday , January 22 2021

What is Epistaxis? Reasons, treatment methods Neden



Epistaxis or nasal bleeding is a common complaint. It's rarely life-threatening. What is Epistaxis? What we need to know about the causes, methods of treatment Leri

WHAT IS EPISTAXIS?

The nose is part of the body rich in blood vessels (vascular) and is in a vulnerable position with the person coming out. As a result, a person's trauma can cause nausea and bleeding. Bleeding can be in abundance or a simple complication. Nasal bleeding may occur spontaneously if the nasal membranes are dried and fired. This is common in a dry climate or in winter when the air is dry and warm from home heaters.

EPASTASTIC CAUSES

– Infection
– Trauma, severe wheezing, nasal tingling and nasal interference (this is a common cause of nasal bleeding in children)
– Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis
– hypertension (high blood pressure)
– Use of drugs for blood reduction
– Addiction to alcohol
– Some hormonal diseases
– Disorders of bleeding (such as haemophilia)
– Sinusitis, colds, colds, flu
– Crochet bone or cartilage in the nose
– Continuous use of nasal spray
– They live on high altitude
– Less common causes of nose bleeds include tumors and hereditary bleeding problems.
– Hormonal changes in pregnancy may increase the risk of bleeding on the nose.

METHODS OF EPISTAXY TREATMENT

Most people who develop blood vessels can solve the problem without the need of health professionals if they follow the first aid recommendations on how to prevent nose bleeding:

The head rests slightly forward. Swelling of the back or head back causes the blood to return to the sinuses and throat and can cause blood to accumulate or breathe.

Spit blood that can accumulate in the mouth and throat. If swallowed, it may cause nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.

Gently bounce your blood clots into the nose. It can slightly worsen the nose, but this is expected.

Tighten all the soft parts of the nose with the thumb and index finger in the bones of the face. Breathe through your mouth.

Repeat this procedure as needed until the nasal bleeding stops.

Keep your head high above your heart level. Do not stand flat or put your head between your legs.

Then apply ice (wrapped in a towel) on the nose and cheeks.

Oxidazolin, phenylephrine hydrochloride or phenylephrine – DM-guaifenesin spray nose can be used for short periods to help with stagnation and slight bleeding if you do not have high blood pressure. However, these sprays should not be used for more than a few days at the same time, as they may exacerbate the obstruction and the ingredients of the nose.

Do not put cotton or something on your nose to stop the blood

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