Two million IT professionals will disappear in the European Union for two years. This is despite the fact that this area is one of the best rated on the labor market, including in Slovakia.
According to the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, the average monthly remuneration in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT) amounted to EUR 1 714 per year. In total, 57,000 IT specialists worked in this sector in Slovakia.
"Even in 2010 there were less than 40,000 people, the number of people in the ICT industry is growing, but the market demand is growing, because many areas of our lives are digitizing more, Slovakia feels a shortage of IT specialists," said Slovenka Sporitelna Lenka Buchláková. The IT sector also recorded an increase in sales in Slovakia in recent years. From 2010, sales increased by 37.5 percent to 6.3 billion euros in 2017.
Men IT specialists are still much more than women. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) states that in one of its Member States, only one out of 200 girls at the age of 15 wants to work in the IT sector, with boys aged 20 years. At the same time as many boys, like girls, he expects to become engineers, scientists or architects.
According to the analyst, despite the fact that higher education annually ends more women than men in OECD countries, only 24 percent of engineering graduates and 25 percent of IT graduates are women. According to the European Statistical Office of Eurostat, the share of women in IT has fallen in the EU over the last ten years. While their share in the IT sector amounted to 22.5% in 2010, in 2017 it was just over 17%.
This trend is not limited only to IT employees, but also to the business sector. Only ten innovative startups that want to invest in venture capital have been founded by women. At the same time they receive 23% less money than those created by men.
"If more people, including women, could be attracted to the IT sector, it would also cause economic growth in the Union, with more than 1.2 million jobs created by 2050. Gross domestic product so far could rise by 820 billion euros "- adds the analyst.