The risk of viral illness increases, the RVVS advises you how to avoid them
In the time that we have now – the frosts change temperatures above 0 degrees Celsius, rainy intermittent snow or wet and cloudy skies, rapidly spread not only the flu virus, but other respiratory infections and bacteria are involved in respiratory infections.
For example, syncytial viruses, chlamydia (bacteria that live in human cells), mycoplasmas (a very large family of bacteria that in the past were considered viruses or transient forms between viruses and bacteria for their simplicity), but also pneumococcal bacteria that are the most common cause of serious infections and deaths from infection in children in the early years of life.
"In addition to the influenza virus, the syncytial virus is a very common cause of respiratory infections The increased risk of people infecting is from November to April It is a threat not only to adults, but also to children, especially the youngest. in respiratory diseases, especially when the body does not know enough to defend it We know serious cases when such a disease can end with a fatal effort This virus spreads through a drop of infection, persists on the surface of various objects (handles in transport the finances, handles, shopping baskets, etc.). And because people can easily get infected, "said the head of the Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Office of Public Health (RVVZ) in Banska Bystrica Dr. Viera Morihladková.
He adds that the symptoms of this infection are initially similar to colds, after the penetration of the virus into the lower respiratory tract can cause bronchitis and pneumonia. Diseases caused by the respiratory syncytial virus do not know the current cure for the treatment of bacterial diseases. Therefore, prevention is important – often a thorough hand washing, a high diet of vitamin C, more vegetables and fruits, hardening, walks, ventilating the premises, but avoiding a great cumulation of people. However, the most effective prevention is vaccination, whether against influenza, pneumococci or haemophilic infections.
Frequent involvement of lower respiratory tract infections, including chlamydia and mycoplasma – these diseases usually last longer than common viral diseases, but antibiotics can help with viral diseases. Both chlamydia and mycoplasma are transmitted through the path of droplets, and can also be transmitted through the sexual route. However, there they cause local genital infections in both sexes. (Chlamydia pneumoniae is an intracellular parasitic bacteria that is transmitted by dropping, coughing or sneezing.) Mycoplasma is a small bacterium without a cell wall, so its diagnosis is more severe and treatment is specific.)
Another threat – pneumococcal, may endanger people as primary infections, but they often occur as complications in other acute respiratory diseases of the upper respiratory tract and can result in serious illnesses such as lung inflammation. Pneumococcal invasive diseases are a group of serious and life-threatening diseases – except inflammation of the lungs, middle ear inflammation or inflammation of the bladder that causes bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. This type of infection is currently in the utmost attention of experts, because vaccines against them – especially with regard to mandatory vaccination of children – are among the youngest. It was included in the National Immunization Program and introduced in the Vaccination Calendar for 2009. Laboratory investigations of this pathogen, its strains, monitoring the resistance of antibiotics to certain types and other important tasks is entrusted to the National Reference Center for Pneumococci (NRC), which was founded on the Banskobystrický HVVZ January 1,