Speech disorders can affect adults and children Early treatment can solve this problem. Speech disorders affect the vocal cords, muscles, nerves and other structures in the throat.
1 – damaged vocal cords.
2. Brain damage.
3. Muscle weakness.
4 – weakness of the respiratory system.
6 – benign tumors or nodules on the vocal cords.
7. Sharp wire paralysis.
8. People with certain medical or developmental conditions may have speech disorders, and typical conditions that can lead to speech disorders are:
1. Autism spectrum disorder.
2 – attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
4- Oral cancer.
5 – Throat cancer.
7. Mental illness.
8. Lateral amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Le Girig's disease.
It is worth noting that speech disorders can be hereditary and can develop over time.
How speech disorders are treated
Moderate speech disorders may not require any treatment Some speech disorders may simply disappear, others may be improved by speech therapy therapy. Treatment varies and depends on the type of disorder. In speech therapy therapy, a professional therapist will guide a child or adult through exercises that strengthen the facial and throat muscles , the patient will learn to control his breathing while speaking, and the help of physical exercises strengthens the muscles and controls breathing in improving speech pronunciation, and also teaches how to practice a fluent and fluent language.
Some people with speech disorders suffer from nervousness, embarrassment or depression, in such situations, modern therapy may be useful, the therapist will discuss ways of dealing with this disease, and if depression is serious, antidepressants may help. Due to the great anxiety of the child, over time, this anxiety can lead to anxiety or fear of speaking in a public place. Early treatment of anxiety can help prevent the development of anxiety or phobias, including speech therapy options and anxiolytics.
Better perspectives for those seeking early treatment, early treatment helps prevent speech disability and expectations for people with permanent disabilities depend on the degree of disability.
Early intervention in the treatment of speech disorders in children
Early intervention is very important for children with speech disorders, and early childhood and pre-school is a critical period of regular language learning, basic skills in the development of speech and natural language can be tested even in infants. Parents stimulate speech and develop language at home, usually effective treatment begins in the form of individual therapy between the ages of two and four years.
If you are concerned about the communication skills of a child of all ages, you should first discuss this with your pediatrician. Your doctor may refer the child to a speech and language specialist for assessment and treatment. Children learn speech and language skills by listening to the speech of others. Teachers are the most important for their child in the early years of life and can help the child by creating many opportunities to listen and speak. This can be done by repeatedly naming and naming people, places and important things. Parents can also read and talk to the child all day long, In everyday activities and favorite activities, parents can give the child patterns of words and sentences.
Parents can also prepare the child with the possibility of answering questions and conversations: listening to music, singing songs, sharing songs for children and playing for children are great ways to build speech and language while enjoying a child.