Sunday , April 18 2021

Learn about the causes and ways of treating and preventing malaria



Here are the details of this news. Learn about the causes and ways of treating and preventing malaria

On April 25, each year, the World Health Organization (WHO) welcomes World Malaria Day to raise awareness of the disease, its seriousness and prevention.

Malaria, spasms and symptoms

Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite called parasite. The parasite is transmitted to the human body by biting the mosquito that they carry, then it begins to multiply in the liver and then attacks the red blood cells.

Symptoms include fever, headache and vomiting, usually 10 to 15 days after exposure to mosquito bites. Malaria, if not treated, can quickly endanger the life of the infected person by blocking the delivery of vital organs into the blood. Malaria, in many parts of the world, has the ability to resist a range of antiviral drugs.

Malaria interventions have accelerated the effective treatment of artemisinin-containing combinations, urging vulnerable groups to use infants for insecticide treatment, and closing an insecticide insecticide residue to control insects.

Diagnostic testing

Early diagnosis of malaria is necessary for the efficient management and control of malaria. A high-quality diagnosis of malaria is important in all circumstances, since misdiagnosis can result in a lot of morbidity and mortality. WHO recommends quick diagnosis of malaria, whether by microscopy or by rapid testing Malignant should be diagnosed in the case of all patients suspected of malaria prior to treatment. The diagnostic test improves the management of all patients with febrile illness, and can also help reduce the resistance and spread of N drugs by maintaining anti-malaria for those already infected with this disease.

Treatment

The first goal of the treatment is to ensure the rapid and complete elimination of the parasite seen in the patient's blood to prevent the progression of uncomplicated malaria to severe illness or death in order to prevent chronic infection leading to anemia-induced malaria, public health, treatment is designed to reduce the transmission of others by reducing the reservoir of infection and preventing the emergence and spread of antimalarial drug resistance.

Vector control and resistance to pesticides

Vector control is a key component of the current global strategy for malaria control. There is a documented record of successful vector interventions for reducing or ending transmission, especially in high-risk areas of malaria. The two major measures that can be implemented to a large extent for vector control. This section also covers the main and complementary vector control methods and discusses the activities to prevent the increased risk of vector control of malaria for insecticides and management.

Supervision

Transforming oversight in key intervention is one of the pillars of the WHO's global technical strategy for malaria for 2016-2030. WHO therefore calls on endemic countries for malaria and countries that successfully eliminate them to strengthen disease surveillance, health information and registration systems. This is necessary to measure the burden of malaria and to support effective health interventions. In March 2018, WHO issued a Reference Manual on Monitoring, Monitoring and Evaluation of Malaria, which provides guidelines for global surveillance standards and directs countries in their efforts to strengthen surveillance systems and use their data in decision-making.

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Source: Arabic Today


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