The use of many drugs increases with age to treat many different diseases, which in turn may lead to reactions and side effects of the medicines that we all need to know about. "An expert from the University of Kingston in England warns that drugs can not only interact with each other. Some may even interact with food and drink, as well as with common herbal medicines.
In an article in the newspaper The Conversation, dietitian Philip Crealy reveals some groups of drugs and foods that can cause serious side effects.
1 – Statins and grapefruit juice
Many people take statins to prevent heart attacks and strokes, and statins are the basis of cholesterol control, but are not safe from interacting with certain foods. One important reaction is the reaction of statins with grapefruit juice, where people suffering from high cholesterol often change style life, which may involve increasing the amount of fruits and vegetables in their diet, while encouraging this, it is important to realize that grapefruit juice can slow down the meltdown of cholesterol-lowering drugs Also in the body, thereby increasing its presence in the blood, which leads to more side effects.
Known side effects of cholesterol-lowering drugs include liver damage.
2- Warfarin and leafy vegetables
Warfarin, a medicine used to prevent and treat blood clots, is usually prescribed in the United Kingdom, and warfarin users require regular blood tests to ensure that they are taking the correct dose to treat their condition. The drug interacts with vitamin K, as dietary supplements and foods containing Vitamin K, such as green leafy vegetables and green tea, can reduce the effect of warfarin by accelerating its removal from the body, which means that those who eat can suffer serious consequences, including an increased risk of stroke or deep vein thrombosis.
Antidepressants and ibuprofen
Taking a class of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as stylobram, along with anti-inflammatory analgesics such as ibuprofen, may increase the risk of internal bleeding, usually associated with the stomach. Symptoms may include dark stool Color, cramps in the stomach, fatigue, blood vomiting and nausea or dizziness.
This side effect can be avoided by taking a stomach-preserving drug such as lansoprazole, and it is important to remember that some other stomach-protecting medications may also interact with antidepressants, so it is important to choose them wisely.
4- Metronidazole and alcohol
Metronidazole is a widely prescribed antibiotic, although pharmacists can often encourage you not to take alcohol while taking any medication. This advice is particularly important for metronidazole. Drinking alcohol with metronidazole can lead to serious nausea and vomiting. Not only should you avoid drinking alcohol while taking metronidazole, wait at least two days after the session.
5. St. John's plant and contraceptive pills
St. John is a common herbal medicine used to treat mild depression. Some people assume that because it is a herbal medicine, it is harmless, on the contrary, St. John & # 39; s or St. John & # 39; s is an example of stimulating the action of enzymes in the body that affect the solubility of chemicals. The body is at a faster rate than normal, which means it becomes less effective while Saint Jan may have such an effect on many medications, but the pill is a separate drug.
The interaction was so serious that the British agency for Medical Products and Health Products indicated that the use of St John's combination with contraceptives should be avoided.
Calcium supplements and other medicines
Our bones are getting weaker with age, so many people start taking calcium and vitamin D supplements to strengthen their bones and prevent fractures, while these products benefit a lot, it is important to understand that they can affect the absorption of others medicines by the body.
These medicines include prevention of malaria, some antibiotics and medicines used to treat an inactive thyroid. For most drugs, this reaction can be overcome, leaving enough time between the calcium product and another drug, usually between two and six hours between calcium intake and other drugs, very important, if you take any medicine listed in this article, you do not stop taking any of them until you consult your doctor.
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