November 28, 2020
Based on materials On the edge
The computer revolution happened 35 years ago. Microsoft released its first version of Windows on November 20, 1985, replacing the MS-DOS. It was a huge turning point in the modernization of the versions of Windows we use today. While Windows 10 does not look like Windows 1.0, it still has much of its original basis – scroll bars, drop-down menus, icons, dialog boxes, and apps like Notebook and Color.
Windows 1.0 also paved the way for the mouse experience. When using MS-DOS, you could only type commands, while in Windows 1.0 you could hover your mouse over and move and click on windows. Along with the first Macintosh, the mouse completely changed the way users interact with computers. At the time, many complained that Windows 1.0 was too focused on mouse interactions rather than keyboard commands. The first version of Microsoft Windows may not have been well received, but it marked the beginning of a battle between Apple, IBM and Microsoft to deliver computers to the general public.
In 1985, Windows 1.0 required two floppy disks, 256 KB of memory, and a graphics card. If you want to run more programs, you need a computer with a hard drive and 512 KB of memory. If you are now limited to just 256 kilobytes on a modern device, you could do nothing but these basic specifications were just the beginning. While Apple was then leading the mouse-driven GUI, it focused on combining hardware and software. And Microsoft has already created its inexpensive DOS operating system for IBM computers and has firmly established itself as a software company.
With the release of Windows 1.0, Microsoft has taken an important step by focusing on applications and core software. IBM has adhered to the basics of computer architecture for several years, and Microsoft has made it easier for competitors and software developers to create applications by keeping Windows relatively open and easy to change its configuration and settings. PC makers came to Windows, and the operating system received support from major software companies. This approach to providing software to hardware partners for the sale of their own computers has created a huge platform for Microsoft. It is a platform that allows you to upgrade to any version of Windows, as shown in the classic YouTube video.
Windows has dominated the PC space for 35 years, and no Mac campaign against PCs came close to changing that, although they were certainly interesting. Microsoft has continued to improve Windows and create new experiences for it across devices, businesses and now with the move to the cloud. And the biggest challenge now faces Windows, in the era of the proliferation of modern smartphones and tablets. And Microsoft is quite capable of surviving this mobile storm, but only by returning to its roots, re-realizing itself as a software developer. It is unlikely that we will be able to look back at 2055 and imagine how we would celebrate the next 35 years of Windows, and now look back at how Microsoft has changed its operating system since its inception.
So where did it all start: Windows 1.0 introduces graphical user interface, mouse support, and key applications. Bill Gates led the development of the operating system after many years of working on Mac software. Windows 1.0 shipped as Microsoft’s first graphical computer operating system with a 16-bit shell on top of MS-DOS.
Windows 2.0 retains 16-bit PCs and VGA graphics, combined with earlier versions of Word and Excel. This allowed applications to run on top of each other, and desktop icons made it easier to use Windows after version 2.0 was released in December 1987. Microsoft released Windows 2.1 six months later and it was the first version for which Windows requested a hard drive.
Windows 3.0 has developed a graphical user interface on top of MS-DOS, but has also included an improved interface with a new Program Manager and File Manager. A puzzle game has also appeared with the Windows 3.1 update.
Windows NT 3.5 was the second release of NT and heralds Microsoft’s ambition to enter the business segment because it included important security features and file sharing. It also included support for TCP / IP, the network communication protocol we all use today to access the Internet.
Windows 95 – The era of modern Windows started here. This was one of the most significant upgrades to Windows. Microsoft has moved to a 32-bit architecture and introduced the Start menu. A new era of applications has arrived, and Internet Explorer has arrived in the Windows 95 update.
Windows 98 inherited the success of Windows 95 with better hardware support and better performance. Microsoft has also focused on networking and added applications and features such as Active Desktop, Outlook Express, Frontpage Express, Microsoft Chat and NetMeeting to the package.
Windows ME was aimed at multimedia and home users, but proved to be buggy and unstable. It was in the ME version that Windows Movie Maker first appeared, along with improved versions of Windows Media Player and Internet Explorer.
Windows 2000 was designed for clients and server computers in the business segment. Based on Windows NT, this version is security-oriented with a new level of file protection, DLL memory, and Plug and Play hardware support.
Windows XP finally unites Microsoft for home and business. Based on Windows 2000, it extended the NT family, but got a completely new user interface and also had low system requirements, which provided good support for both new and old hardware with consistently high performance. This eventually became the key to its incredible popularity and longevity.
Windows Vista did not expect a very warm welcome, as I did at the time. Vista adds a new Aero user interface and advanced security features. However, it took Microsoft about 6 years to finalize it, and it only worked on new hardware. User account management has been severely criticized, and Windows Vista has ended up in a cycle of failed editions of Windows.
Windows 7 appeared in 2009 to correct the vague experience with Vista. Microsoft has done a good job in performance, refined the user interface and improved the performance of accounts. Windows 7 is still one of the most popular versions.
Associated with Windows 8 is a radical overhaul of the famous Windows interface. Microsoft has removed the Start menu and replaced it with a full-size home screen. The new Metro-style apps were designed to replace legacy desktop apps, and Microsoft is apparently reorienting itself to touch screens and tablets. For most desktop users, the change was too dramatic and Microsoft had to rethink the future of Windows.
Back to basics: Windows 10 brings back the familiar Start menu and brings new features like Cortana voice assistant, Microsoft Edge browser and Xbox One streaming to PC. It looks like a smarter solution for hybrid laptops and tablets, and Microsoft has moved to Windows as a service system to make regular updates in the future.
Windows 10 has not changed much in the last five years. Microsoft has focused on improving various parts of the operating system. More system settings have been moved from the traditional control panel to the new Settings app, and the Start menu now looks less blocked. Let’s see what Windows 10X brings to us (originally designed for dual screen devices). Microsoft has improved the iconic systems for Windows 10. And in 2021, Windows 10 can be refreshed even more visually.
In conclusion, you can traditionally feel nostalgic, remember your favorite version of Windows with a sly word, or debate what Microsoft’s idea was forgotten on the Android section. Welcome to the comments!