preinfarction or unstable angina is a medical emergency because it can quickly turn into an acute myocardial infarction.
mild heart attack: The main symptom of angina is chest pain caused by atherosclerotic plaques. They cause complications by blocking vessels that hydrate the heart. .
Symptoms before a heart attack
You may think that you have angina if you have at least one of the following symptoms:
– Pain in the chest, behind the breastbone, going into the left upper limb, madibule, teeth or even backwards;
– pain is like pressure, weight, burn, and even the claw that covers you;
– With the onset of pain you feel an immediate death and you are aroused;
– have nausea and vomiting;
All these symptoms appear when you exercise, if you are indignant, after having sex, after a hearty meal or when you have a cold; they can survive more than 15 minutes in the event of a heart attack. It may happen that in the case of unstable angina pains also appear at rest and may disappear after administration of nitroglycerin.
Symptoms of a heart attack in women
Women can have different symptoms in men because they do not have feelings or tightness in the chest. In their case, symptoms of angina include chest tightness, dizziness, difficulty in breathing or abdominal pain. All these symptoms may also occur in other diseases, so the diagnosis is often delayed.
How dangerous is a heart attack?
You need to know that the most commonly occurring after an unstable angina is a heart attack. From the first chest pain, you should contact the doctor who will perform the electrocardiogram and a set of analyzes. They will provide valuable risk factors for myocardial infarction.
Treatment of unstable angina
The treatment of unstable angina is similar to the treatment of myocardial infarction. You must know that if you have an unstable crisis of angina, you must be hospitalized in the intensive care unit, you will be monitored and you will not be able to get out of bed.
Painkillers and even morphine can be obtained to relieve pain. In the first hours of admission, if you suffer from choking, you will also receive oxygen, as a medicine you can receive intravenous nitroglycerin every 5 minutes, provided that the blood pressure does not fall below 100 mm Hg; Propanolol, nifedipine, xylene or heparin with acenocoumarol are other drugs indicated for the treatment of unstable angina.
Aspirin at a dose of 70-160 mg / day and clapsidogrel are platelet anti-plaques that prevent the formation of clots that can block coronary vessels.
Statins are part of unstable angina treatment, recommended from the first day of treatment. They reduce cholesterol and act on atherosclerotic plaque, the main cause of heart attack.
Angina may be exacerbated if you develop fever, anemia, hypertension or hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthyroidism or abnormal lung function.
mild heart attack: Risk factors include:
– age over 60 years
– historical family history of ischemic heart disease
– High cholesterol in the blood
– high blood pressure, smoking
– diabetes treated with insulin
– sedentary lifestyle, obesity, male sex-estrogen playing a protective role
– Excessive intake of refined sugars, saturated fat, alcohol
-symnosomatic type A: ambitious, energetic, aggressive, impatient
-professionals with increased stress.