According to the World Health Organization, 15 million are the number of premature babies every year, which is equivalent to more than one in 10 children.
The World Early Day, celebrated on November 17 of each year, is an opportunity to raise awareness of premature births and reminders of the urgent need to take action to combat this public health problem.
Pregnancy is a unique experience in the life of every future mother, which ends with the arrival of a small being who will forever change the lives of their parents. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon that this period has been interrupted due to complications leading to the risk of maternal or child health. Indeed, premature births (between weeks 32 and 37 of pregnancy) are more frequent than we imagine. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 15 million are the number of premature babies every year, which is equivalent to more than one in 10 children. Almost a million have died as a result of complications associated with prematurity and many survivors suffer from lifelong disabilities, including learning disabilities, visual and hearing impairment.
The World Day of Birth the day before yesterday, celebrated every 17 November, is an opportunity to raise awareness of premature births and a reminder of the urgent need to take action to address this public health problem. "Prematurity results for many reasons: most premature births occur spontaneously, but some of them result from early onset of embarrassment or cesarean delivery, both for medical reasons and not. Typical causes of preterm delivery include multiple pregnancies, infections and chronic diseases such as such as diabetes and hypertension, but it is often the case that the cause is not identified, and it would also have a genetic impact. A better understanding of the causes and mechanisms will accelerate the development of preventive solutions, "says WHO. And add that "Globally, prematurity is the main cause of death of children under 5 years.
In almost all countries, premature birth rates increase with reliable data. Survival rates point to striking inequalities in individual countries. In low-income countries, half of children born at the age of 32 weeks (2 months premature) die of inability to provide affordable and affordable care such as breastfeeding, breastfeeding and primary care for children. infections and breathing problems. In high-income countries, almost all of these children survive. Insufficient use of technology in middle-income places causes greater disability in premature babies who survived the neonatal period. "
In Morocco, it is estimated that 60,000 newborns a year require resuscitation, and more than 50% are premature babies. According to the joint study of UNICEF, WHO, the World Bank and UN-DESA, the Kingdom has made progress in reducing child mortality, which is generally associated with premature births, from 63/1000 in 1990 to 23/1000 in 2016. Neonatal mortality has decreased from 36 to 18 per 1000 for the same period. Nevertheless, there is still no care for these children. Indeed, it is almost impossible to deal with premature newborn or breathing difficulties in rural areas and small towns. Even in large cities, hospitals are not equipped enough to save lives and often send parents to private clinics that charge exorbitant rates, from 3,000 to 10,000 DH a day. Many families are unable to pay these fees to keep their children alive, and sometimes they must decide to stop their care or risk allowing them to die.