Friday , June 18 2021

Control of malaria is in a state of limbo, says WHO

The fight against malaria disappears from steam, the World Health Organization reports in the report. While the most vulnerable countries have seen an increase in the number of cases, the allocated funds remain insufficient.

Despite the many efforts to prevent the disease and after several years of declining cases, malaria remains a threat to millions of people around the world. This is a sad conclusion to the World Health Organization's (WHO) pathology report released on Monday, November 19th. Overall, 219 million cases were registered in 2017. The number that stagnated because it was 217 million the previous year.

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"No one should die of malaria. But the world faces a new reality: by stagnating progress, we risk spending years at work"Dr Tedros Adhan Gebries, Director General of the organization, said the report. Because in previous years, the number of cases gradually declined from 239 million in 2010 to 214 million in 2015. But the fight against the epidemic now "In a neutral"condemns the WHO.

Deficiencies in coverage

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites and is transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. If there are treatments for treatment, everyone can not have access to it. She is responsible for about 435,000 deaths worldwide every year, of which 262,000 are children under 5 years of age. The rate of malaria began to decline in the early 2000s using mosquito nets treated with insecticides, new medicines and money spent on combat, says WHO. But from 2013, it remains almost the same.

In 2017, about 70% of malaria cases were concentrated in 10 African countries and India. And while the latter saw a decline in morbidity-related illness in 2017, African countries registered 3.5 million more cases than in the previous year. WHO points to deficiencies in coverage. Despite the proliferation of distribution and the use of impregnated mosquito nets, it estimates that half of people at risk do not sleep below.

"Strong influence, for a heavy load"

The picture is not black because the organization describes some progress. In China and El Salvador, where malaria has long been endemic, in 2017 there was no local transmission. Paraguay is the first country in America to be released from the disease for 45 years. "An intense country-led effort can successfully reduce the risk people face"concludes WHO.

From these successes, he intends to establish a new action strategy, dubbed "strong influence, for a large load". The institution will first work with the ten most endangered African countries. Its goal is to be a "facilitator", co-ordinating the work of governments, NGOs and health actors.

But for that, we must have the means. However, global contributions dedicated to the fight against malaria – as well as AIDS or tuberculosis – have remained unchanged since 2008. Today, 2.5 billion euros are spent every year. More than doubling this figure is needed to achieve the goals of the United Nations to reduce morbidity and mortality from malaria by at least 40% by 2020.

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