Every year, 20,000 children are born prematurely in Tunisia or about 50 children a day, born before the end of the 37th week of pregnancy.
Professor Zahra Bensaid Marrakchi, the head of resuscitation of newborns and resuscitation of newborns at the Charles Nicolle hospital in Tunis, said that this figure is 10% of the number of births per year (over 200,000).
According to her, several risk factors are responsible for prematurity in pregnant women, such as under 18 or over 35 years of age, smoking, alcoholism, multiple pregnancies, history of premature births, stress, excessive fatigue related to work or family life, and daily commuting for work.
According to Pr Marrakach, in Tunisia and as in most countries, prematurity becomes the leading cause of death at birth. Every year, about 15 million children are born prematurely (before 37 weeks ended pregnancy).
This number is growing. At the source of nearly 1 million deaths per year in 2015, complications of preterm birth are the main cause of death of children under 5 years of age.