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Scientists have unexpectedly predicted how the Higgs boson saved the universe



Shortly after the birth of the universe, all matter was crowded in a tiny space. Then, the space began with the rapid development of the inflation process.

Most cosmologists agree that inflation was, but how it happened is still not clear. David Sloan from the University of Oxford and George Ellis from the University of Cape Town in PAR argue that the Higgs boson can offer an explanation.

Inflation requires special, versatile particles and the only known Higgs boson. According to Sloan and Ellis, if the Higgs boson is indeed such a suitable molecule, it can help to understand the important issue of inflation awareness: what kind of universe should be just before inflation.

They suggest that the anti-inflation universe, which existed only a small part of a second after the Big Bang, was probably very disorganized, i.e. a state of high entropy, simply because such states are incomparably larger than those with a very neat, low entropy.

Sloan illustrates this by slamming the game a million times: there is only one way to get all the shadows, but if someone can quit another time, he has a potential of 5 million, he says.

One of the largest entropy is in a black hole, but it suggests that the anti-inflation universe was filled with black holes, there is a problem. Because the black hole often connects with each other and is so smooth from them, our universe with evenly distributed matter does not arise.

For a similar reason, there would not be one mega-black black hole. "It would be just one singularity that can never be extended to trees, birds and other wonderful things that are commonly ordered," says Sloan.

Although we do not understand the Higgs bosons yet, one of its supposed properties is very useful for Sloan and Ellis. The particle has a Higgs field associated with it, which increases with the weakening of gravity.

Sloan and Ellis calculations show that this can be completely avoided by problems in the black hole of the anti-global universe. Because, right after the Big Bang, the Higgs field would be stronger, so gravity would be much weaker. In this way, the material would not dissolve in black holes, even before inflation spreads widely (arxiv.org/abs/1810.06522).

This is a big step beyond the Standard Particle Model, but most likely this is due to the interaction of gravity and the Higgs field, notes David Wands from the University of Portsmouth in the UK.

The problem is, however, that such hypotheses regarding the importance of the Higgs boson can not be verified. "Inflation creates so much space that we can see only a small part of the universe," says Wands. "It is difficult to check what happened before inflation in our apparent universe."

Sloan thinks that it would not be necessary to write down the idea of ​​this idea. He says he may be able to see its effects in parts of the visual universe that are more similar to superconducting anti-infiltrating universes such as those adjacent to a black hole

Leah Crane
www.newscientist.com


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