It is known that immunization is the most effective way to prevent infection. Several studies and statistics show that the prevalence of diseases before and after vaccination is significantly different.
The vaccination management project in Korea is conducted in accordance with the Act on the Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Diseases.
From November 2018, the National Vaccination Program is: ▲ National immunization program for children ▲ Control of elementary and junior high school vaccinations ▲ ▲ Project for the prevention of hepatitis B virus infection. In. Project of inoculation of elderly people with pneumococci. ▲ Vaccination plan for elderly people against influenza.
◇ National Immunization Program for Children
The government runs national immunization programs for children under the age of 12. The vaccination fee is completely free for domestic vaccination according to the immunization standard.
Supported vaccines include: △ BCG (tuberculosis) △ Hepatitis B △ DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis) △ IPV (polio) △ Hib (type b Haemophilus influenzae) △ pneumococcal △ DTaP-IPV (diphtheria, tetanus) △ DTaP-IPV / Hib (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b) △ chickenpox △ MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) △ hepatitis A virus △ HPV (human papillomavirus) △ Td (tetanus, diphtheria), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), Japanese encephalitis (inactivated vaccine), Japanese encephalitis (live attenuated vaccines) and influenza.
Among them vaccination of children with flu since October 2016. It was first used in children from 6 to 12 months, and then from 6 months to 59 months after birth. Month to 12 years (primary school students) or less. "
The government recommends that flu vaccines, commonly known as 'flu', are vaccinated after September each year. For more information about vaccination services, visit the Vaccination Assistant (https://nip.cdc.go.kr).
◇ Pre-primary kindergarten for primary and junior high school students
In order to prevent infectious diseases in schools, a project is carried out confirming the completion of vaccination of six species for primary and middle school students.
The vaccine to be confirmed in order to complete the vaccination is as follows: △ DTaP (diphtheria / tetanus / pertussis) 5. △ polio virus 4. △ MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) 2. △ Japanese encephalitis Deactivated vaccine 4 Vein induced inflammation by inflammation of the brain, toxins, etc.) In gymnasiums, Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis) 6. (or Td (tetanus diphtheria) 6.), HPV (human papilloma virus).
If the primary school / junior high school student vaccination register is registered, the head of the immunization of the student enrolled in Nice. This is done in a way that confirms whether it is so.
◇ Project for the prevention of perinatal hepatitis B
During the national vaccination program there is also a project to prevent infection with the hepatitis B virus in newborns born from hepatitis B virus surface antigens (HBsAg) or e antigen (HBeAg).
Thanks to this project, we will fully support immunization with immunoglobulins, hepatitis B and quantitative / quantitative tests of antibodies.
After basic vaccination against hepatitis B (1-3), vaccination and re-testing are sustained until the 3rd vaccination depending on the result of the antigen / antibody test.
◇ Elderly patients with pneumococcal diseases and vaccinations against influenza
National vaccination programs for older people aged 65 and over include the pneumococcal vaccination program and the influenza vaccination program.
Among them, a pneumococcal vaccination program is being implemented to prevent invasive pneumococcal infection (pneumonia with bacteraemia, meningitis and endocarditis) in older people aged 65 and over.
If you are over 65, you can receive a "Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23)" only once at a nearby public health center (including departments, clinics and outpatient clinics). If the vaccine was vaccinated before age 65, it will be vaccinated once at the age of 65 after the previous vaccination.
From October 2015. People aged 65 years and over receive free immunization to prevent flu infection.
Influenza designated medical institutions and public health centers to visit vaccinations, which are recommended by sanitary authorities every month from October to December. Details of the vaccination support period can be found in the Vaccination Support Center (https://nip.cdc.go.kr).
◇ Influenza 3 vaccine? Four-way vaccine?
On the other hand, in the case of influenza vaccination, this effect varies depending on the age of the immunized person, underlying disease, immune status according to previous infections and vaccination and the degree of compatibility between the vaccine virus strain and the dominant virus. 70-90% of healthy adults have a preventive effect.
Influenza vaccines are divided into three vaccines (including two A viruses and one type B virus) and a four-vaccine vaccine (one additional type B virus) depending on the number of viruses contained in the vaccine. Currently, a trivalent vaccine is free (national support), but a 4-dose vaccine is a full dose (self-payment).
The government is reportedly considering ways to support a four-phase vaccine through stable vaccine delivery, cost-effectiveness analysis and expertise.
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