As the weather gets colder, one of the diseases that older adults need to refresh is osteoporosis, which is a painful season for the arms, legs and bones and also causes aging, including bone calcium aging, bone loss and open into the bones. It is a skeletal disease that can easily break due to falls in daily life. In particular, patients with osteoporosis can easily develop fractures of the joints of the spine and hip.
Osteoporosis has increased by 18.4% in the last five years, according to the National Institute for Health Insurance Review, the number of osteoporosis patients has increased by more than 30,000 from 82,700 in 2014 to 85,4,215 in 2016, and in 2018 is 97.2196. Significantly increased.
Osteoporosis can be caused by a variety of factors such as aging, medications, malnutrition, genetic factors, chronic diseases, drinking and smoking. Bone densities are highest in humans in their 20s and 30s, and as they age, their bone volume decreases and they also develop long-term steroid drugs, antispasmodic drugs, and over-the-counter thyroid hormones. Also, many people who take anti-cancer drugs, etc. Therefore, patients with chronic diseases such as endocrine diseases, thyroid diseases, rheumatism, etc.
Chun Hyung- Oh, Director of the Joint Center of the & # 39; Spine, H Hospital. Plus Zhangji said: "To prevent osteoporosis, blood tests, urine tests and bone density tests should be done to investigate bone formation and bone absorption." "Because osteoporosis has no apparent self-awareness, it is recommended that men and women over 60 and postmenopausal women undergo osteoporosis scan every 1-2 years."
In addition, Hun said: "Bone formation is about 70-80% because genetic factors affect it, so if you have a family history of osteoporosis, you need to have an osteoporosis test."
About 94% of patients with osteoporosis are women. Women reduce male hormones after menopause, which results in lower bone density as a result of increased bone resorption, making them vulnerable to fractures and easily exposed to osteoporosis. Unlike women, men do not have menopause because they do not have menopause, but with age increases intake of calcium in the intestines, thereby reducing bone formation.
The prevalence of osteoporosis is only 7.5% in men over the age of 50, but women are 37.3%, a 5-fold difference. Specifically, 68.5% of women over 70 are patients with osteoporosis, predominantly older than men (18%). The incidence of fractures due to osteoporosis is also 207 women per 10,000, three times the size of 64 men.
In order to protect bone health, exercise and hiking exercises are essential for more than 30 minutes a day, and related examinations such as bone density tests are necessary for middle-aged and postmenopausal women who are exposed to large amounts of bone. risk of developing the disease. Seniors should pay particular attention to falls.
Yoon Hyung-oh, director of the Center, said: "Patients at high risk of fracture need medication. Drug treatment is an inhibitor of bone resorption chamber, which reduces bone breakage and increases bone formation by administering bone stimulator. "
To prevent osteoporosis, it can also help to eat calcium-rich milk, protein-rich cheese, shiitake mushrooms that help absorb calcium, nuts rich in magnesium and improve blood.
Aee-Seung Lee, Medical Journalist, Global Economic Daily News@getnews.co.kr