Astronauts undergo physical changes as they fly through space or remain on missions to the International Space Station (ISS). Loss of muscle mass, lack of minerals in the bones or adversely affecting the functioning of the heart. It can even cause brain problems. The so-called "Space Fog" can happen, which can cause you to lose focus or forget.
The negative human impact of astronauts is similar to the long-term side effects of cancer patients with cancer. Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapies may also lose muscle mass or strain the heart. The chemo-brain experienced by some cancer patients during chemotherapy is similar to the astronauts' space fog. Hemobrain is a symptom of some cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, which can lead to anxiety and cognitive function problems.
Researchers at the Sloan Catering Memorial Cancer Center in the United States have sought to test the idea that applying kinetic strategies to cancer patients before and after they leave space may outweigh the side effects of chemotherapy. Mobile) & # 39; released on December 14 (local time).
The team imagined that long-term astronauts and cancer patients had similar physical effects in the treatment process. Jessica Scott Memorial Solo Cancer Center, which is leading the study, said: "The impact of the human body on space and when cancer patients undergo chemotherapy is remarkably similar," NASA said. "We have been working to combine cancer strategies with research conducted to maintain the health of astronauts since the 1960s."
According to Scott, NASA and doctors have been approaching so far. The astronaut will continue to train according to NASA's pre-mission training schedule. NASA researchers monitor the astronaut's cardio-pulmonary function and set astronaut safety criteria. Monitoring is also performed when training in the use of special equipment for mission accomplishment in outer space. When astronauts return to Earth, the clinician carefully analyzes for a long time whether they return to their initial task before the mission. The opposite is true for cancer patients. Doctors recommend an absolute rest in patients with cancer before chemotherapy. When I practice, I get permission from the doctors. While doctors focused on reducing tumor size and metastases, NASA focused on how astronauts who stayed in space for almost a year could keep their bodies safe. Researchers point out that just as astronauts prepare for space flight and exercise to test for cardiopulmonary function, cancer patients should be prepared for exercise before chemotherapy. Strategic exercise, not absolute rest, can potentially reduce cardiopulmonary function, one of the side effects of chemotherapy. The team began a study to determine whether astronaut movements could compensate for adverse effects in cancer patients. Smooth jobs and video calling software were installed in the homes of cancer patients and prepared to participate in the study without difficulty.
"Patients with cancer have recently been reduced in mortality, but they are at risk of concealing the side effects of treatment," Scott said. I'll be there ”
Kim Min-su, science reporter at Dong-A, firstname.lastname@example.org
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