Reggio Emilia, November 17, 2019 – Glaucoma is one illness on optic nerve, more widespread than one might think. Worldwide, it is estimated that 2040 will be affected 111.8 million. A disease that, if left untreated, it can lead to blindness. In the section "Carlino Salute" – in collaboration with Villa Verde – we talk about it with the doctor Canton of Veronica, an ophthalmologist who works in a nursing home.
Dr. Canton, what is it and what are the symptoms of glaucoma?
"Glaucoma is a disease that affects the head of the optic nerve. The incidence of this eye disease increases from forty years upwards, no matter between men and women. For this, the first indication is to check after this age. The first symptoms that are usually felt are a change in visual field, which is diminished, the appearance of colored amygdala and clogged eyes. "
How is the diagnosis made?
"Screening is done through some analysis such as intraocular pressure (tonometry) measurement, which must not exceed 21 (the standard ranges from 11 to 21) and October which allows for the diagnosis of specific areas that affect the head of the optic nerve. This is not an invasive exam, it is a kind of "photography". In addition, it is necessary to measure the visual field and analyze the bottom of the eye. "
Are there risk factors for glaucoma?
"Visibility is an element to keep in mind, which must be imposed to carry out checks. As well as high intraocular pressure. Another risk factor is anatomical conformation: for example, Africans and Asians are more at risk because of the shape of their eyes. "
What are the therapies the patient is undergoing?
«Proceed according to the type of glaucoma. Acute forms are treated in an emergency in the hospital, causing sudden vision loss (not fleeting), nausea and vomiting. Laser treatment (iridotomy) is accompanied by pharmacological treatment. It is not certain that complete recovery of vision is possible, since the optic nerve cells do not regenerate and transplantation is not possible. Chronic forms of glaucoma are treated with eye drops (analog prostaglandins and beta-blockers), which can slow the disease, and surgery may be used in the most serious cases. Early diagnostics and rapid pharmacological intervention can contribute to a good quality of life. "
Are there behaviors that can help prevent this disease?
«Yes, diet-related. Green vegetables and apples contain protective substances, while caffeine increases the risk factor. "
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