New Delhi (IANS) – (IANSlife) IANSlife reveals how menopause is linked to women's health by expert Dr. Aparna Isaswal, Associate Director, Cardiology and Electrophysiology, Fortis Heart Institute. Iseswal discusses how despite lifestyle disorders such as weight gain and reduced estrogen levels in mature women, there are concerns about major risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) or what we simply call heart health is a leading cause of concern for women. Doctors argue that as women age, they are increasingly exposed to high levels of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be a poor lipid profile, including weight gain. In addition to the adverse changes associated with chronological aging, women also experience biological changes in the menopause transition.
The decrease in estrogen levels during transition is associated with endothelial dysfunction and larger vessel diameters, markers of early adverse vascular changes.
Therefore, reduced estrogen after the menopause transition leaves the vasculature vulnerable to CVD risk factors, such as lipids.
Researchers argue that the protective effect of HDL may be diminished because women have transient menopause.
HDL stands for "high density lipoproteins". Nicknamed "good" cholesterol because wellness experts believe it can help the body resist LDL cholesterol.
Women may have higher HDL cholesterol levels than men, as the female sex hormone estrogen appears to boost this good cholesterol. But, like many others, everything changes in menopause.
At this time, many women are experiencing a change in their total cholesterol levels as well as LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol levels are lowering.
Therefore, women who have had favorable cholesterol values during their childbearing years may end up with a deranged lipid profile later in life. Of course, genetic constitution along with life factors greatly contribute.
Women today are strongly preached to begin taking care of their heart health as soon as they are 40 years old or maybe earlier. To maintain good heart health, doctors recommend several supplements in the daily routine:
1. Practice 30 to 40 minutes a day, preferably walking fast.
2. Medium cardiovascular activities such as swimming, tennis, aerobics or zumba are good along with stretching, pilates and yoga to improve muscle tone.
3. Maintaining body fat in an ideal BMI is essential.
4. You need to check the body fat percentage and make sure it is in the ideal range.
5. A well balanced, high fiber, moderate protein is necessary to maintain a good lipid profile.
6. Consult a nutritionist and discuss foods that increase HDL levels. Green leafy vegetables, nuts, dark chocolate, fish or wheat germ can be recommended in your dietary recommendation.
Talk to your doctor about a wellness plan early on and initiate transformation steps for your heart health and get through menopause without health touch.
tania / p
Disclaimer: The validity of the above story is within 7 days of the original date of publication. Source: AFP.