Are you or someone closest to you just diagnosed with diabetes and currently struggling to adapt? The chart below may be the beginning of a better understanding of diabetes and how to live a healthier life.
Understanding Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the body produces less or no insulin. As a result, people with type 1 diabetes require extra insulin externally. Normally, blood sugar levels are controlled by insulin produced by the pancreas. When food that enters the body is digested and enters the bloodstream, insulin will bind blood sugar and enter the body's cells to convert it into energy. With a state of insulin production that is inadequate or completely absent, blood sugar cannot enter the cells of the body and create blood sugar.
Genetically, type 1 diabetes can be inherited by families who have a history of the disease. Therefore, people with type 1 diabetes are usually children to adolescents and rarely appear before the age of 40 years.
People with type 1 diabetes can lead a normal life and do whatever they want with insulin therapy, as well as other treatments, including maintaining food intake, exercising and routinely checking blood sugar levels, so that there are no complications that worsen the condition of type 1 diabetes.
Understanding Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels exceed normal values resulting from insulin resistance or the body cannot use insulin normally. Insulin is a hormone that helps blood sugar get into the cells of the body to convert it to energy. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and is closely linked to unhealthy lifestyles, such as uncontrolled eating, lack of physical activity, and overweight (obesity).
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes often require a long time to appear and be felt by the sufferer, even if they are not realized until complications arise that worsen the condition for type 2 diabetes. This is where the importance for conducting health checks, especially for regular blood sugar levels.
What about someone diagnosed with type 2 diabetes? The key to managing type 2 diabetes is to maintain a healthy diet and fitness and to have regular health checks.
Understanding gestational diabetes
During pregnancy, the woman's body experiences hormonal changes that can block insulin function resulting in a state of insulin resistance. As a result, the blood sugar that needs to be controlled with insulin to get into the body's cells accumulates in the bloodstream and causes an increase in blood sugar levels or known as gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is usually asymptomatic, so every pregnant woman should have a blood sugar test 24-28 weeks into pregnancy.
Understanding Premium Diabetes
The term prediabetes is used to describe the state of blood sugar levels that are higher than normal but are not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Obesity often does not cause obvious symptoms, so you may have it but you do not know it. Therefore, one of the early measures for the prevention of diabetes is through the handling of diabetes. Early identification and management of patients with prediabetes can reduce the incidence of diabetes and its complications.
Prodia participated in the commemoration World Diabetes Day by providing relief for the costs of a DIA risk review, the pre-diabetes panel and the pre-diabetes control panel and diabetes management panel during November 2019. For more information, click here
Editor: indah sulistyorini
Editor: indah sulistyorini