JAKARTA – Research from the Agricultural Institute in Bogor (IPB) shows that green beans can lower blood glucose levels in diabetes. Yayuk Andajani, a student who conducted research on her dissertation on green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in 2003, proved that vegetables, which are readily available in traditional markets, can be used to lower blood glucose levels.
In his research, he conducted experiments on white male rats at the age of three months with induction treatment for diabetes.
The mice were previously given green bean extract, so that 30 minutes after they were “deliberately” made of diabetes, it was found that the mice returned to normal blood sugar without experiencing a drop in hypoglycaemia (below normal). of sugar).
He explained that this can be understood because it contains in green beans b-sitosterol and stigmasterol which may increase insulin production.
In addition, 100 grams of this long green vegetable contains 7.81 percent carbohydrate, 0.28 percent fat, 1.77 percent protein, 2.07 percent crude fiber and 0.32 percent ash.
“That way, eating green beans will certainly be able to control high blood sugar levels. So people with diabetes mellitus can make this a new alternative to treating diseases that often take a lot of victims,” Jayuk said. Among, Thursday (19/11).
For the medical world itself, he said, the research could be a reference for making blueprints for diabetes by extracting green beans, so that diabetes drugs would be cheaper and easier to obtain with the many ingredients available.
With this research recommendation, people with diabetes (the name of people with diabetes mellitus / DM) now get an alternative treatment. Not a few who so far choose treatment with non-chemical approach.
Beans are easy to obtain and how to consume them is also not difficult, whether it is making vegetables, making juice and other processed forms.
Through his research entitled “The Mechanism of Antihyperglycemic Activity of Bean Extract in Diabetic Rats and Identification of Active Components”, Jayuk received his Ph.D.
Under the supervisory commission, prof. Dr. Reviani Vijaxha Kusuma, PhD (President) with members of prof. Prof. Dr. Ir Dedi Muhtaddi (Fateta IPB), the results of the study were clearly explained.
Diabetes prevalence rate increases by 1.6%
Based on data from the Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas) in 2013 and 2018, it shows that the trend of prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) or in the community known as diabetes in Indonesia is increasing.
The prevalence of DM increased from 6.9 per cent to 8.5 per cent, while that of risk factors such as obesity in adults increased from 14.8 per cent to 21.8 per cent.
“DM not only affects adults, but can also occur in children,” the health ministry said at http://sehatnegeriku.kemkes.go.id.
The Indonesian Association of Pediatricians (IDAI) saw a significant increase in type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents from 3.88 to 28.19 per 100 million inhabitants in 2000 and 2010.
The head of endocrinology at IDAI, Dr. Novina, said the increase in cases of DM was closely linked to unhealthy lifestyles, such as poor diet, lack of physical activity, obesity, high blood pressure and high blood sugar.
The director of infectious disease prevention at the Ministry of Health, Dr. Kat Putri Ariane, said that to overcome this problem, the government has made proactive and convincing efforts to prevent it at all levels of society.
One of them is by emphasizing its importance screening periodically, so that when a disease is found it can be dealt with immediately. Screening the onset must be balanced with a healthy lifestyle, especially during the KOVID-19 pandemic.
With so many activities done at home, it is feared that more children and adults will be trapped sedentary life, namely consuming fast food and often spending time with their mobile devices.
Such a lifestyle is very bad for health, especially for those with infectious diseases (PTM), such as DM.
“During the pandemic, we followed many patients with diabetes mellitus who did not move. This means staying home for these diseases to get worse. This should not have happened,” said Kat Putri Arian.
The World Health Organization (WHO) states in various existing reports that the number of patients with diabetes in Indonesia in 2000 was about 8,426,000. This number is expected to increase in 2030, and is projected to reach 21,257,000 people.
Cut Putri Arian reminded that people who already have infectious diseases, such as DM, can not recover from their disease, but can only be controlled.
However, people who have risk factors and are still in good health can prevent it by living a healthy lifestyle and having their health checked regularly.
When it comes to prevention with a healthy lifestyle, there seem to be alternatives that can be made to the therapy effort that can combine medical treatment.
One of the efforts that can be made is to consume vegetables or alternative herbal therapies that were practiced by the community long before the discovery of insulin (1928) and oral hypoglycemic drugs.
From the first, the main therapy for DM sufferers is therapy with the use of medicinal plants, which are derived from plants, and even today it is still done. (Janurisa Ananta)