Jakarta, CNN Indonesia – Health Minister Nila Djuwita F. Moeloek stressed that pregnant women must undergo a test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) The test is expected to detect an early transfer from mother to child.
Nila said that the child must be protected. He explained that he had asked the Ministry of Health (Kemenkes), the Directorate General for Public Health and medical services, to carry out HIV controls on pregnant women in order not to inherit problems for the children of the nation in the future.
Nila reminded Indonesia that she would benefit from the demographic boom between 2020 and 2035. At that time, the population structure in the country was dominated by a productive age group.
"What will happen if our children will have an influence on a disease that I think I need to heal my whole life," Nila said during the National Health Day celebrations at the Drug Dependency Hospital (RSKO), Cibubur, Jakarta, Sunday (11) 11).
The government itself has conducted tests for the presence of pregnant women in pregnant women since 2013. This activity is part of the mother's to child's HIV (PPIA) prevention program.
In addition, Nila also asked that the role of RSKO should not only be treated, but also encourage preventive actions through socialization. Meanwhile, in addition to sex offenders, drug users and illicit drug users are vulnerable groups of the HIV virus.
To reduce the number of people with acquired immune deficiency syndromeAIDS) Because of HIV, the government is continuing to campaign for the dangers of free sex and drugs. For those who have been exposed to HIV, the government has an anti-retroviral drug (ARV) program to reduce the amount of virus and increase the patient's resistance.
The key population of HIV spread
Director General for Prevention and Control of Diseases (P2P) at the Ministry of Health Anung Sugihantono added that the government has highlighted key populations at risk of HIV transmission, namely drug users, commercial sex workers, pregnant women and the same-sex enthusiast gender, in particular cheerful.
"Whenever you find one case of HIV, you'll see a contact (virus) and a community that is one unit," he said.
It is said that each group has a different approach scheme. For example, transferring from pregnant women to children, officers will also examine the medical history and behavior of the mother and her partner.
While for drug users, the officers will look at the method of consumption. Drug users in syringes are more susceptible to being infected with HIV, although users who do not use a syringe may become infected with HIV if they have an impact on free sex.
Program director of the Pelita Ilmu Foundation (YPI) Tika Surya Atmaja revealed that HIV testing programs for pregnant women may reduce the likelihood of contracting HIV.
Tika said, without intervention, the risk of infected infants reached between 25 and 45 percent. However, if you have previously been treated for antiretroviral-based mothers who are not breastfeeding, the chances of getting HIV are lower than five percent.
"By becoming a governmental program and integrated with health services, all pregnant women feel they are not forced to undergo HIV testing because some of the research concerns pregnant women," he said.
Since 1999, YPI has been running a mentoring program for people with HIV / AIDS (PLWHA), including pregnant women who have become HIV positive. Tika said that most pregnant women who had contracted were housewives who contracted their partners.
"If YPI accompanies you, most of the housewives are infected in a healthy state by their spouse or husband," he said.
According to Tiki, people with HIV who look healthy are more at risk of getting their partners infected because they do not realize they were carrying a virus in their bodies. (FRP / FEA)