Epilepsy is a medical condition of the brain that results in premature seizures or fits. The World Health Organization has described epilepsy as "a chronic non-communicable brain disease characterized by recurrent seizures".
The WHO also reports that nearly 50 million people worldwide suffer from epilepsy. It is considered one of the most common neurological diseases globally.
India is celebrating National Epilepsy Day on November 17 to create awareness of the disease. Various seminars and debate sessions are conducted throughout the country to educate people on the disease, its causes, symptoms and of course, ways to treat epilepsy.
The National Health Portal lists the causes and symptoms of epilepsy, as well as a few tips for epileptic patients.
· Brain damage from prenatal and perinatal injury
· Brain infections
· Stroke and brain tumors
· Head injury / accidents
Prolonged high fever during childhood
· Sudden flicker (uncontrolled cramping of hands and feet)
· Loss of consciousness
· Sensation of tingling (feeling of pins or needles) in hands or feet
· Stiffness in the muscles of the hands or feet or face
Some patient tips:
· Take epilepsy medicines regularly as your doctor advises, even if you have no seizures.
Do not stop taking medicines without the advice of doctors.
· Consult your doctor while taking other medicines to avoid possible side effects or any complications.
· Do not drink alcohol because it causes seizures.
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