India still has the world's largest burden of pneumonia and deaths from diarrhea: 158 016 cases of pneumonia and 102 813 deaths due to diarrhea in 2016, According to the report "Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report" published by the International Vaccine Access Center (IVAC).
The report states that health systems are "very modest" in ensuring that the weakest children have access to prevention and treatment services in 15 countries, including India, which account for 70 percent of global pneumonia and deaths due to diarrhea in children under the age of five.
Despite significant disease reductions in recent years due to improved access and use of health interventions, nearly two million deaths from pneumonia and diarrhea have continued in two countries – India and Nigeria.
The number of deaths among children under five years of age due to pneumonia in 2016 amounted to 18.177.6, while mortality due to diarrhea was 102.813, reported in the report.
Released before the 10th World Pneumonia Day on November 12 at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Bloomberg describes the progress in combating these two diseases in 15 countries.
According to the report, the 15 nations that have the highest number of deaths caused by pneumonia and diarrhea are India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Chad, Angola, Somalia, Indonesia, Tanzania, China, Niger, Bangladesh, Uganda and the Coast Ivory.
Preparing a report on the coverage of RotaC, from 2017. Rotavirus vaccine has not been introduced in eight of the 15 countries that have focused on development – Nigeria, DRC, Chad, Somalia, Indonesia, China, Bangladesh and Uganda.
Of the seven countries in which a rotavirus vaccine was introduced, the median coverage for the entire rotavirus vaccine is 58%. "Among the countries that introduced the vaccine from 2017, the lowest coverage was in Pakistan (12 percent) and India (13 percent), both of which have recently started implementation at national level that have not yet reached all states or provinces," the report He said.
A study on the progress in India in 2016. Deaths from pneumonia below the age of five and people suffering from diarrhea were "mixed up". Increasing the range of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccines, as well as continuing the scale of rotavirus vaccines introduced for the first time in mid-2016, led to a breakthrough in the scoring for these interventions from last year's report.
"Introduced in 2017 The vaccine against pneumococcal conjugate (PCV) has been included in six previous states, further extension of the vaccine to all countries should be considered," reads the report, which analyzed the government data.
He also pointed out that the scale of Indian results in the scope of exclusive breastfeeding decreased, as was the ORS range. "The proportion of children receiving important treatment remains very low, and only 20% of patients receive ORS due to diarrhea" – it was written.
"Progress in stopping the death of children is hampered by persistent inequalities in countries around the world," said Kate O & # 39; Brien, MD, MPH, professor of the International Health Department at Bloomberg School and Executive Director of IVAC. "The solution of these inequalities will require a higher level of funding, strong political commitment, responsibility supported by better data, and a coordinated global effort that prioritises the most vulnerable," he added.
The report states that although countries are making progress in improving vaccination coverage, they are seriously endeavoring to treat childhood-related illnesses – especially among remote, impoverished or otherwise left-behind populations.