About 89% of Delhi residents feel discomfort and discomfort due to poor air quality, and most people think that vehicles and tree felling are the main causes of pollution, according to a new study.
A study entitled 'The study of air quality perception' conducted by social affairs and environmental counselors ASAR, which deals with social and environmental issues, says that the level of awareness was higher in cities with respondents from Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR), showing maximum awareness of all three terms – Air Quality Index, Pollen 2.5 and Particle 10.
Interviews were conducted with over 5,000 people from various demographic groups in 17 cities.
About 89% of Delhi residents were ill or discomforted due to poor air quality, and most of them believed that motor vehicles and tree felling were the main cause of pollution.
The four main causes of deterioration of air quality were defined as motor vehicles (74%), industrial units (58%), tree cutting (56.9%) and construction works (48.2%).
The study includes cities with heavily polluted air – Delhi-NCR, Kolkata, Patna, Lucknow, Varanasi, Amritsar, Singrauli, Dhanbad, Raipur, Korba, Chandrapur, Angul, Nagpur and cities quickly becoming polluted – Bengaluru, Pune, Mumbai and Chennai.
The two most important sources of information about AQI for those who were aware and who understood AQI were newspapers and mobile applications.
The majority of respondents (33.4 percent) stated that "information on air quality" is "sometimes" and 12 percent said "never".
The study also showed that the age group who "always" looked for information about AQ was 18-25 years old.
People who feel that air quality has become "much worse" belong to Angula, Delhi-NCR, Lucknow and Patna, and people from Chennai, Raipur, Bombay, Korba and Pune believe that it has become "a little worse", stems from from research.
Respondents are also of the opinion that the three most important environmental issues that impact on personal health are air pollution (maximum 46.4 percent), drinking contaminated water (19.5 percent) and global warming and climate change (12.2 percent).
"This perception must be resolved – only if people consider it a priority issue, politicians will wake up and take action," said Debi Goenka, a member of the Conservation Action Trust.
Ashutosh Dikshit, general director of URJA, the highest housing association of Delhi (RWA), said: "This comprehensive survey confirms the fact that people are aware of air pollution, but looking at Diwali violations in most northern regions In India, I think people do not fully they believe in specific causes of air pollution and its proportional influence, and also do not correlate air pollution with a significant impact on their current or future health.
"There is a desperate need for a nationwide campaign aimed at addressing belief systems and changing behavior," he said.