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Drug-resistant superbugs kill someone every 15 minutes in the US, new CDC report reveals



That's about 35,000 deaths each year from drug-resistant infections, the landmark report said.

The report lists five drug-resistant super-bugs on the CDC's "Emergency Threat" list – two more microbes than they were on the CDC's 2013 list, the last time the agency released a report on antibiotic resistance.

Genetic research has shown that bacteria have become especially adept at teaching one another how to overcome antibiotics.

"Some miraculous remedies no longer work miracles," the report said.

The report notes that while large bug infections in hospitals have declined, some infections caught elsewhere – anywhere in the community – have increased.

"This is a problem that ultimately affects all of us," said Michael Craig, CDC's senior adviser on antibiotic resistance. "It literally has the potential to affect every person on the planet."

Anyone can catch a superbag anywhere

While superbugs usually attack feeble, old people, anyone can arrange a superbag.

Peggy Lillis was a healthy, vibrant 56-year-old Brooklyn teacher who woke up one morning 10 years ago with severe diarrhea.

"As a kindergarten teacher, she assumed she had caught something from one of the children or perhaps had food poisoning. She did not consider it to be a serious threat. None of us did, ”recalls her son, Christian Lillis.

Five days later, Peggy was so sick that she could barely move.

Peggy Lilis with her students.
Doctors immediately admitted Peggy to the intensive care unit. She had Clostridioides Distifical, or H. df, one of the urgent threats on the CDC list.

Peggy's kidneys were starting to fail, and she went into septic shock.

The hospital gave Peggy an antibiotic called vancomycin, intravenous and enema. But she died the next day – less than a week after she fell ill.

"The doctors at the hospital where she was treated – they did everything they could for her," Christian said. "But bacteria grow at a rate we don't maintain."

Christian says they will never know exactly where or when his mother collected J.'s bacteria. def.

According to the CDC, infection with C. diff is usually an unwanted side effect of taking antibiotics, which along with killing bad bacteria can also kill the good bacteria that help fight infection. People taking antibiotics are 7 to 10 times more likely to develop C. diff when on medication and during the month later.

Two days before she got sick, Peggy's dentist prescribed an antibiotic called clindamycin to prevent root canal infection.

Peggy's autopsy cites her cause of death as a disease "as a result of antibiotic therapy for dental treatment."

Now her family wonders if that preventive antibiotic is necessary.

Christian and his brother, Liam Lillis, hope to educate others about C. Diff through the Peggy Lillis Foundation.

"My mom was probably the best person I've known in my life," Christian said. "What we will not accept is that our mother's death will be in vain."

Peggy Lillis and her sons, Christian and Liam. Peggy was 56 when she arranged for F. def.

Five superbags on the emergency list

C. Diff is the deadliest antibiotic-resistant germ on the CDC emergency list, causing 12,800 deaths a year in the United States.

The other two urgent 2013 germs are carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, or CRE, and drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a sexually transmitted infection.

This year CDC added two more: carbapenem-resistant bacteria Acinetobacter and Candida auris, a fungus.

The report classified 11 additional bacteria and fungi as serious threats, two worrying, and four others on the agency's "watch list".

The death toll from these antibiotic-resistant bacteria declined by 18% from the 2013 report, largely due to a significant reduction in superbag deaths in hospitals from 2012 to 2017.

"The CDC recognizes that hospital prevention programs have already achieved success," the report said.

However, there is still room for improvement: About 85% of deaths from drug-resistant bacteria are caused by bacteria commonly found in hospitals and other health facilities, such as nursing homes.

The CDC sounds a drug-resistant deadly salmonella

The CDC report notes that for the first time the agency used electronic medical records to calculate antibiotic-resistant infections and deaths. This led them to discover that the number of infections and deaths in 2013 was higher than previously estimated.

As hospital conditions improve, some out-of-hospital upgrades are on the rise.

"CDC is concerned about the increase in community-resistant infections, [which] puts more at risk and hinders the spread of identification and content – and threatens the progress made in protecting patients in healthcare, ”the new report said.

Some top bugs in the community have figured out how to "teach" each other how to fight antibiotics by sharing their resistance genes with each other.

"Basically it is targeting the crowd," Craig added. "They can direct their resistance to other bacteria."

Resistance to antibiotic resistance

The answer to the crisis of antibiotic resistance is not a more powerful antibiotic, according to a new report.

Antibiotics are slow to market, and the bacteria will one day make them ineffective, however, CDC director Dr. Robert Redfield notes in his introduction to the report.

"We need to adopt aggressive strategies that keep bacteria away and infections do not appear in the first place," Redfield wrote.

America's Biggest Chain of Restaurants & 39, Achieved During Their Use of Antibiotics

The key is less to use antibiotics. With less exposure, bacteria have less opportunity to learn how to fight them.

The CDC estimates that about one-third of antibiotic prescriptions in emergency rooms and doctors' offices were given for infections they didn't need. That's 47 million unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions every year.

Some experts accuse doctors of meeting patients' requirements for antibiotics for non-bacterial infections, such as viral sore throats and sinus infections.

Craig stressed that better tests and tools need to be developed, as doctors may now find it difficult to determine if the patient needs an antibiotic.

"We don't have a good diagnosis for certain infections, so we can't always tell if someone has a viral infection or a bacterial infection," he said.

Resistance also increases when antibiotics are exaggerated by animals. Antibiotics can be overused to treat infections in animals, just as they are exaggerated to treat human infections. In fact, 20% of all drug-resistant infections come from the foods we eat, according to the CDC.
From 2017, medicines that are important to human health may no longer be used to promote the growth or efficiency of American livestock feed.

Dr. Anthony Shoach, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, points out that whether it is overuse in humans or animals, because antibiotic resistance is largely a human problem, it requires human solutions.

"We are the problem. We've seen the enemy and that's us, "he said.

But Fouchi added that if doctors, patients and public health officials work together, it may be possible to prevent the tide of antibiotic-resistant infections.

"I think we can. I really do. "He said. "But it will take a global, concerted effort."


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