pte20191115001 Medicine / Wellness, Research / Technology
According to the current complication investigation, women are significantly more affected than men
Blood sugar testing: gender differences (Photo: pixelio.de/ Michael Horne)
Amsterdam (Mon.001 / 15.11.2019 / 06: 00) – In diabetes, women are most affected by vascular complications, according to a study conducted by the University of Amsterdam Medical Center http://vumc.com. Cardiovascular diseases occur 15 years earlier in diabetic patients. They are also the main cause of morbidity and mortality in this group of people. In women, the relationship between diabetes and cardiovascular disease is particularly pronounced.
Increased risk by 1.81 times
More women die of diabetes than men around the world. This is proven at a value of 2.1 versus 1.8 million per year. This increased risk of death is mainly due to the higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Coronary artery disease is most commonly reported and the deadliest in patients. Women with diabetes have a 1.81 fold higher risk of dying from the consequences of such a disease.
Peripheral vascular disease is the most common indication for cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. They occur in women about 1.8 times more often. Heart failure is the second most common symptom. Women with diabetes are five times more likely to get the disease. Men with diabetes are twice as likely to be at risk.
The reasons are still unexplored
Science still seeks explanations for gender differences. A possible reason for an increased risk of heart failure may be that a particular form often occurs in women. In addition, women with diabetes are likely to be affected. At systolic heart failure, the heart maintains its pumping function. However, increased rigidity results in decreased post-contraction relaxation.
According to senior author olineolin Beulens, a healthy lifestyle is key for men and women in preventing diabetes. "As obesity has increased, the number of diabetes cases has increased enormously, and we know that type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle-related disease."
Therefore, by changing people's behavior, further expansion can be maintained. According to Beulens, there is an urgent need for action. By 2040, 629 million people worldwide are said to have diabetes. The results of the study were published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.