This is how you recognize polyps in your nose
Behind clogged nose are often due to seasonal allergies or colds. If the swollen nose does not disappear after a few days or weeks, the nasal polyps may be behind it. Polyps are not malignant tumors that can cause permanent blockage of the nose.
Dr. Jeananne Kim is an Ear, Nose and Throat Specialist at the prestigious Johannes Hopkins University. The specialist explains what the nasal polyps are, how to recognize them and how to get rid of them.
How do nasal polyps develop?
The exact causes of the development of nasal polyps are not yet known, according to an Nasa expert. Constant inflammation of the nasal mucosa and sinuses (chronic rhinosinusitis) is considered a risk factor for polyp formation.
How to become a chronic inflammation of the polyps
According to Kim, chronic inflammation is often caused by allergies, upper respiratory tract infections, tobacco smoke and fumes. These events cause an abnormal immune response in some people resulting in excessive swelling of the nasal mucosa. These swellings form true nasal polyps.
How dangerous are polyps?
According to Johns Hopkins University, there is no evidence that nasal polyps are life-threatening. However, they can cause severe discomfort and can seriously affect normal nasal breathing. If the nasal polyps become too large, they can block the normal flow of mucus and cause the nasal mucus to accumulate in the nose and provide a focal point for further infections.
What are the symptoms of nasal polyps?
In the beginning, nasal polyps may show no symptoms. With increased size, polyps can cause clogged nose, cough, headache, decreased sense of smell and taste and pressure in the head. Because the symptoms are similar to those of influenza-like infections, there is a high risk of confusion. If the symptoms of a cold do not disappear for a long period of time, the ENT specialist should check your nose for polyps.
Are Polyps Painful?
"If you have really benign nasal polyps, then you should not have pain or bleeding," explains Dr. Kim. However, other benign or cancerous ulcers in the paranasal sinuses are often confused with polyps. These include, for example, inverted papilloma or sinus cancer. These diseases are often accompanied by pain and nosebleeds.
Can you see nasal polyps?
During self-examination, polyps are usually not visible. ENT practices use special endoscopes with cameras that can detect polyps.
What treatment options are available for nasal polyps?
Depending on the number and size of the polyps, medications, surgery, or both may be used. As medicines, nasal or oral corticosteroids are commonly used to reduce polyps. Failure to do so may require surgery to remove the nasal polyps. The surgery can usually be done as part of an endoscopy.
Risk of recurrence
If the cause of the inflammation remains untreated, sooner or later the nasal polyps will likely return, the specialist warns. Therefore, it is important to talk to a prevention plan specialist. This may include, for example, increased indoor humidity or better management of underlying diseases such as asthma or allergies. (Vb)
Graduate Editor (FH) Volker Blasek
- Johan Hopkins: Can nasal polyps be the cause of your clogged nose? (Retrieved 12.11.2019), hopkinsmedicine.org
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He could not replace a doctor's visit.