How can we protect ourselves from stress in the car?
Driving stress increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and sudden cardiac complications. If you listen to real music while driving, this risk can be minimized, as a recent study shows.
A current study by Brazil's Sоo Paulo State University (UNESP) found that proper driving music reduces stress that would otherwise lead to cardiovascular disease. The results of the study were published in the English-language journal Complementary Therapies in Medicine.
Instrumental music protects our hearts from stress
Since stress during driving is a significant risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease and sudden cardiac complications, preventive measures must be taken urgently. The results of the current study show that instrumental music contributes to reducing the risk of driving a car.
The survey included only women
Researchers found that the stress of the study participants' heart was reduced by listening to music while driving. The study analyzes the effects of music on the heartbeat of five women aged 18 to 23 years. Women did not drive very often, had a driver's license for up to seven years and were otherwise completely healthy.
Participants drove only a relatively rare car
Extra women who drive less often are examined because people who drive a lot and have a long driving license are better accustomed to traffic situations. The females were evaluated for two days, in different situations and in random order.
How did the study go?
One day, women drove for 20 minutes in a traffic jam (17:30 to 18:30) on a three-mile trail in the bustling Marlia, a mid-size city in the northwest of Sao Paulo, without listening to music. The other day, participants rode the same route at the same time of day, but listened to instrumental music. To increase stress levels, women were asked not to use their own car.
What Affects the Variability of Heart Rate?
Heart rate levels are estimated by measuring the variability of heart rate using a heart rate monitor. Defined as fluctuations in the intervals between consecutive heartbeats, the variability of the heart rhythm is influenced by the autonomic nervous system.
How Does the Nervous System Affect the Heart?
The more active the so-called. the sympathetic nervous system, the faster the heart beats, while the parasympathetic nervous system tends to slow down the work of the heart. Increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system reduces the variability of the heart rhythm, while more intense activity of the parasympathetic nervous system increases it.
What can be inflated?
The analysis showed a decrease in heart rhythm variability in women who performed without music, indicating a lower level of parasympathetic nervous system activity. In contrast, heart rhythm variability increased in those who listened to music, suggesting greater activity of the parasympathetic nervous system and decreased activity of the sympathetic nervous system.
Music protects against stress
Listening to music reduced the moderate stress that women experienced while driving. The study specifically includes women only to control the influence of sex hormones. In the future, the results could help develop cardiovascular preventive measures in situations of acute stress. Music could be such a preventative measure in favor of cardiovascular health in situations of high stress. Due to the small number of participants, however, further research is needed. (How)
- Myrela Alene Alvesa, David M. Garner, Joice A.T. Do Amaral, Fernando R. Oliveira, Vittor E. Valenti: Prospective randomized pilot case-control study, in Complementary Therapies in Medicine (Request: 13.11.2019), Complementary Therapies in Medicine
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. He could not replace a doctor's visit.