Passive childhood smoking, including in the utero, increases the risk of concluding years later with COPD (pneumonic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), an unknown disease which in France perishes 17,000 people per year, specialists for respiratory diseases warn.
"A child victim of passive smoking can see his breathing capacity altered into adulthood," several specialized institutions have warned, including the Breath Foundation, the French Society of Pneumology or the French Federation of Pneumology.
The World Day was dedicated on Wednesday to the disease, which affects 2.5 to 3 million people in France.
"Until recently, people thought about COPD only in middle-aged adults, and now we know that the disease can take root in childhood," says Professor Ralph Epope, head of the Center for Disease Control. Rare respiratory diseases and head of the pediatric department at the intercommunal Créteil hospital, quoted in the statement.
Disparities exist according to sex, indicating release, relying on several studies: "A woman will be more affected by the disease during tobacco exposure in the pre-natal period, while the person will be more vulnerable in the event of a post-natal exhibition."
In addition to passive smoking, severe asthma and respiratory infections during childhood are also risk factors for the development of COPD.
"What sets a question is monitoring these children + at risk +," according to Professor Epope.
"Most of them emerge from the control radar last time, to appear many years later, about 40 or 50 years old, with sometimes significant lesions that could be expected," he adds.
COPD is a chronic bronchial disease, resulting in persistent airway obstruction. Its main symptoms are: delayed breath, cough, honor sputum.
"The lack of knowledge of COPD is one of the reasons for its often-known diagnosis," the statement said, "the diagnosis of COPD is important because there are therapeutic solutions" (cessation of smoking, inhaled treatments or "respiratory rehabilitation" or global support articulated around re-training with effort).