More than 800,000 children under five died of this respiratory disease last year. Nigeria, India, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Ethiopia are the most affected countries.
Last year, pneumonia killed a child under 5 every 39 seconds. This is what comes out of a study published on Tuesday, November 12, on the occasion of World Day dedicated to this life-threatening respiratory disease. "More than 800,000 children" in 2018. It's more than any other infection, an alarm in press release six child health and advocacy organizations, including UNICEF, Save the Children or the Gavi Alliance for Immunization. "Most of these deaths have children under the age of 2, of which nearly 153,000 are in the first month of life."keep up with these organizations.
This acute respiratory infection, which affects the lungs, can be caused by microscopic bacteria, viruses or fungi. In the case of pneumonia, the alveoli of the lungs are filled with pus and fluid, which makes breathing painful and restricts oxygen absorption. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), pneumonia accounts for 15% of the total number of deaths under five in the world.
Organizations make a call "For global action" against pneumonia. According to them, more than half of pneumonia-related deaths are concentrated in five countries: Nigeria (162,000), India (127,000), Pakistan (58,000), Democratic Republic of Congo (40,000) and Ethiopia (32,000). "It's a forgotten global epidemic that demands an urgent international response – millions of children die of lack of vaccines, antibiotics and oxygen treatments."says Kevin Watkins of Save the Children.
In comparison, 437,000 children under the age of 5 died of diarrheal diseases in 2018 worldwide and 272,000 malaria. These organizations will organize a Global Forum on Child Pneumonia at the end of January 2020 in Barcelona, Spain.