Wednesday , June 16 2021

Ethiopia established the National Reconciliation Commission. Essential?

The Commission for National Reconciliation and the Committee on Identity and Administrative Restriction, seemingly as a means to alleviate conflicts, but Parliament has not yet approved it.

Commission of truth and reconciliation
The Council of Ministers during their meeting
Source: Office of the Prime Minister

November 16, 2017

The Council of Ministers discussed and approved the draft law on the establishment of the National Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which is sent for approval to the House of People's Representatives, according to the information of the Office of the Prime Minister.

The project is based on the assumption that the social and political conflicts that Ethiopia has experienced for many years have caused many injuries and tensions. The Commission aims to achieve reconciliation based on the ideals of "truth and justice".

While some scholars, like Professor Al Mariam, support this idea, there are critics who think that it makes no sense because they think that there has never been a large-scale social conflict that would require national reconciliation. "Who are the reconciliation parties?" It is a frequently asked question.

At the height of ethnic policy with TPLF in close control of government machinery, political accusations were labeled as "neftegna" and as the perpetrators of ethnic oppression in the country's history, but the cloud of misunderstanding and misrepresentation of ethnic Amhar now cleans up the fall of the TPLF.

Eritrean leaders, including President Isayas Afeworki, seemed to share the negative attitude towards ethnic Amhara in the past to find out that their attitude to Amhara is unfounded, as President Isayas Afeworki reportedly said during his last visit to Ethiopia, which focused on Amhar. region.

Political parties based on ethical principles in the country also change their concept of a history of oppression based on ethnicity in the country's history related to the supremacy of Amhara.

The Oromo Democratic Party (ODP), one of the largest ethical parties in the country that governs the Oromo region in Ethiopia, has recently changed its long-held political beliefs when it is said that oppression in Ethiopian history was class-based, not based on an ethnic origin that reflects the realities that led to the Ethiopian revolution in 1974, many of its leaders, including Colonel Mengistu Hailemariam, where ethnic Oromans.

In a similar elaboration, the Council of Ministers also agreed to establish a Committee on Identities and Borders to resolve disputes regarding identity issues and administrative boundaries in various parts of the country.

The decision was confirmed by the view that conflicts regarding the issue of identity and borders become a source of instability. The Commission will be established on the basis of neutrality and professionalism.

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