Saturday, November 21, 2020
Books – Ahmed Masad:
Today, Saturday, the Sudanese government announced its withdrawal from the negotiations on the Renaissance dam, announcing that it will not participate in the upcoming meetings today.
The Sudanese government complied with its demands at a meeting last Thursday, a six-way meeting of the foreign and water ministers of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, chaired by the current foreign minister of South Africa, whose country holds the rotating presidency. African Union. Let’s talk about the ongoing negotiations on the “Renaissance Dam” under the auspices of Africa.
Foreign Minister Sameh Shukri and Dr. Mohamed Abdel Ati, Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, also attended the meeting, where Egypt stressed the importance of continuing negotiations in order to accelerate the achievement of a legally binding agreement on the rules for filling and operation of the Renaissance dam.
Dr. Mohammed Nasr Alam, former Minister of Irrigation, said that the Sudanese Minister of Irrigation is the only one far from the Egyptian-Sudanese cooperation in all fields, pointing out that this issue affects the fate of the negotiations and puts Ethiopia in a good position during the negotiations. .
Alam added to Masrawi that the Sudanese irrigation minister’s vision for the impact of the Sudan Roses dam was only a perceptive view of the dangers of the Great Ethiopian renaissance dam, noting that Khartoum’s position served Ethiopia’s interest and turned Egypt into a state. which “refuses to negotiate.”
He continued: “It is necessary to unite the concepts between the two countries in order to develop a single strategy in the negotiations, to face this barrier that violates the rights of both countries.”
Dr Abbas al-Sharaki, head of the natural resources department at Cairo University’s Institute for African Studies, said the Sudanese side had not withdrawn from renaissance talks, as some had imagined, instead of sticking to the previous one. A proposal regarding the assignment of a new role to the African Union-appointed instigators, indicating that Sudan considers that the presidency of the meeting, represented by the South African Foreign Minister, approved the resumption of talks for a period of 10 days. Which confirms that the negotiations are back to zero.
Al-Sharaki added to Masravi that the differences were due to Ethiopia’s intransigence and evasion, explaining that we were trying to agree on a negotiation methodology, and if we succeeded, we would start negotiating the actual technical and legal points of the dam. which over the days become more complex.
The head of the natural resources department at the Institute for African Studies has warned that Ethiopia could complicate the situation and turn it into an external conflict, in order to distract Ethiopia from what is happening at home and promote an external threat to internal unification. rows, as the former Ethiopian prime minister did at the start of the renaissance crisis in 2011.
Al-Sharaki said it was clear that the African Union was unable to resolve problems in Cairo, such as the renaissance dam and Libya, South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Eritrea with Ethiopia, Western Sahara (Morocco), and the Central African Republic. and Boko Haram in Nigeria, and the current crisis in the Tigris region. In Ethiopia.
Khartoum presented his vision during a tripartite meeting earlier this month, which summed up “abandoning the previous unproductive way of negotiating and replacing it with other, more effective approaches, giving African experts a greater role to play.” union in facilitating bridging the gap between the three parties. “
Dr. Diaa Al-Kousi, a former adviser to the Minister of Irrigation, said that the continuation of negotiations is understandable when there are technical or legal disputes, but what can not be understood is that the disagreement is in the management of negotiation methods and this is worst case scenario, pointing out that the constant postponement of the negotiations undermines the credibility of the negotiations and the very worrying scenarios set.
Al-Qoussi told Masrawi that the African Union must be decisive and set a clear timetable for the progress of the negotiation process, stressing that Egypt does not reject the Sudanese proposal, but supports it in expressing visions and involving international watchdogs for to ensure neutrality.
The former adviser to the Minister of Irrigation pointed out that the Ethiopian party is the one that benefits from the resumption of negotiations, in order to avoid the existence of a mechanism for the implementation of all decisions arising from the mini-summit, and it is subject to a timeline for implementation. that, such as the agreement of the ministers to establish a mechanism for participation in the operation of the renaissance dam, within one week with the presence of Another legal mechanism for resolving disputes.
Ethiopia began building the renaissance dam on the Blue Nile in 2011, and Egypt fears the dam will affect its 55.5 billion cubic meters of water per year, most of which comes from the Blue Nile.
Despite the signing of the Declaration of Principles between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia on the issue of the Renaissance Dam in March 2015, which adopted dialogue and negotiations as a way to reach an agreement between the three countries on the Nile and the Renaissance Dam, the negotiations for which Washington sponsored a phase of them, did not result in an agreement. Since then.