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This was the conquest of Peshol, the great stone of the East

Two things are clear: it is not a meteorite, because you can think of its great size and its presence in the meadows and water, and it was not always so, but it was formed in the East of Antioch for about 80 million years

Geologists have confirmed both. The genesis of Piedra del Pesol is in the colon on the planet, said Maria Isabel Marin, a PhD in Earth science and a professor at Ephitus University.

At least 10 municipalities in the East are based on Antioch Batolit, which, according to the expert, is a product of the formation of motion-generating fusion tectonic plates, from which crystalline material appears. Then, what we see is just a mole on the rocky terrain covering an area of ​​nearly 7,800 square kilometers.

Piedra del Pesol, with current photography and 220 meters high, is the result of erosion that left a small peak on the surface and is no more than 100,000 years old. He is not the only one in the world (see Panthetis).

What is different is that no one else has built-in staircases that provide access to its highest part, and being surrounded by a reservoir since 1972 allows you to contemplate the landscapes that have catapulted the place as a tourist destination.

You may read: Is the Price Expensive to Climb Piedra del Pesol?

In this story, the name is Louis Eduardo Vilegas Lopez (q.e.p.d). When challenged, he decided to climb the rock where he lived as a child and then became the property of his family. But we'll see that later.

Stone on the road

Throughout its millennial history, man has also been regarded as an "obstacle", but only during an insignificant part of his existence. From the time of independence (19th century) to the middle of the last century, it was considered an obstacle to crossing the road between farms in the area.

Before the arrival of Western civilization, including the indigenous culture of Tahami, which had lived in Antioch for more than 15,000 years until the conquest of the Spaniards, they thought of the Great Rock as the object of worship. Jose Nevardo Garcia, director of the El Peshol Historical Museum, discovered that there were traces of the 5th and 6th centuries BC in the area. C.

Archaeological research has allowed Aboriginal landfills to be found and the stone to be a ritual center; Garcia noted that in the ancestral language the geological formation was known as "myari" or "myari".

When the colonizers opened directions to the East, the historian said, the Great Rock served as a kind of lighthouse. Later, to find the so-called Camino de Islitas (late 18th century) that traveled from Porto Nare to Madeleine, it would be a reference to the location and the multimeters would call it "stone on the road".

The El Pashol municipality took its name from this rock and, Garcia said, although located in another jurisdiction (where Payne de Guatape was named by municipal agreement), it is also part of the city's identity and its history, since these two They were divided in 1811.

The Conqueror

The empirical historian vlvaro Idárraga recalled that the land where the rock was located belonged to at least three families, and the land was an area full of sprouts and mountains during the first half of the twentieth century.

Around them was the property of Franco, that of Martinez and Gallo, who had to make long detours to communicate with each other.

Luis Eduardo Vilegas Lopez, Idiraga said, saw the big rock from his childhood, climbed the hill on the Craibada Ariba (Guatapa) trail. His family once organized a walk with colds and could overcome thinking by touching the stone.

However, it would not be until 1954 when Pastor Alfonso Montoya Veñasquez challenged the people, with Villas accepting the challenge of reaching the summit.

The priest, Idoraga said, described Guatemala as cowards and told them they were from the frog family because they were unable to climb the stone and place a cross or religious altar on top.

Vilegas encouraged his friends Pedro Nell Ramirez and Ramon Daaz and took over the mission to conquer the rock. The climb lasted between Monday, July 12 and Friday, July 16, the day of Virgen del Carmen.

The three friends came out supported initially by a staircase in the temple provided by the priest, and then by wooden wedges embedded in a natural stone crack, which has a legend that is a scratch left by Devil when he tried to take it.

On the last day, in the late afternoon, as if it were its own flag, they waved a shirt to greet those who saw it from below. In Guatape, Vilegas and his accomplices in the adventures met in a street of honor. At least the three could no longer be called cowards because they crowned the peak that no one dared to climb for thousands of years.

In the following years, the conqueror acquired the land adjacent to the rock and reinforced the wooden stairs, which lasted until the 1970s (when the material was replaced with concrete) and served so that people could, more simply, imitate a feat on July 16th.

When the reservoir arrived, in 1978, very close to the stone, the site began to receive much more visitors, and the Vilegas family built a large tourist infrastructure that today accommodated 1,500 people.

Awkward letters

By 1988 a kiosk had already been erected. That year, in agreement with the mayor's office, it was agreed to paint the name Gutape in 30-meter-long letters, but they did not end with the painting of the U, and the work was interrupted by then Governor Antonio Roland Betancourt.

Historian Garcia said the deal to sign was six million pesos, but backed by a 1973 law banning the painting of natural formations, the president managed to stop it.

The fact, even though there are no official administration documents, also caused discomfort in El Pashol's community because they viewed it as an insult that the sign was painted in the direction of their municipality.

In time, both G and I are erased from the stone; Even so, there are those who are confused and believe it to be 61. At one time, Garcia said, one lady said, "If this is 61, how will the other 60 do it."

Numerous myths were built on the large rock, such as those on Good Friday golden pigs leaving the crack. Outside of fantasy, the stone is an icon that is part of Guatape and El Pesol's cultural tradition of writing, painting, singing and dreaming.

Here's the view from the top of the big rock:

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