It is estimated that in 2017 there were 630 deaths from malaria in what the WHO considers to be America, including Latin America, the Caribbean, the United States and Canada, for 460 deaths in 2016. And 480 deaths in 2010,
Progress in reducing the number of fatalities in the region where malaria has occurred, particularly in the Amazon region in South America, has been changed since last year, in an upward trend that exploded 2017
However, America remains the second region in the world, only for Europe, where there are fewer deaths from malaria, according to the World Malaria Report 2018.
The World Health Organization estimates that there have been 773,500 confirmed cases of malaria in this region, an increase of 14% compared to 2010 and 72% compared to 2015.
53% of these cases took place in Venezuela, followed by Brazil (22%), Colombia (8%) and Peru (7%).
Six American countries reported a decrease in the number of cases by more than 20% in 2017. Compared to the previous year: Colombia, Republic Dominican, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Suriname.
While in Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Nicaragua and Venezuela, the number of cases increased by over 20%.
In fact, Venezuela accounted for 84% of this increase in the region and belongs to 10 countries in the world where the total number of malaria cases exceeded 300,000 in 2017.
In April last year, the WHO announced that Venezuela had the largest increase in the number of malaria cases in the world.
There are 138 million people in the entire region who are at risk of this disease, potentially deadly, but avoidable and curable, which is caused by parasites transmitted to humans by mosquito bites.
The WHO believes that the region "continues to make significant progress", and 11 out of 17 countries are on track to achieve a reduction of over 40% in the maturity index by 2020.
Paraguay won this Malaria-free country certificate this year, being the first country in America 45 years ago to receive this status from Cuba; Argentina is in the process of implementing it because it has not registered cases for three consecutive years.
According to the report, the global fight against malaria remains stagnant and despite a slight improvement in the death rate in 2017. Two million people are infected with this disease.
In 2017, 219 million cases of malaria were counted – compared to 217 million a year ago – around the world, and around 435,000 people lost their lives compared to 451,000 deaths in 2016.
The continent that is the most affected by this growth is Africa again, where ten countries – together with India in the eleventh place – account for 70% of all malaria cases, around 151 million.