Study conducted by Oyoj Macken Professor of Medicine for Women from the University of Kansas and American University Women Association showed that women completed medicine they have less likely to complete as a full professor or head of department in medical schools in North America.
On the results of this study are published in the journal New England Journal of Medicine under the title Physicians and Advancement in Academic Medicine (Medical women and advancement in academic medicine). To perform this statistical analysis, those responsible for the project they compared the data from Association of American Medical Colleges of all medical school graduates in the country from 1979 to 2013 and compare them with them percentages of women who would be expected to enter academic positions based on those who graduated.
Differences have not improved over the years
This sample includes 559,098 graduates from 134 different medical schools in the United States. In most study groups, fewer women promoted than expected in the positions of associate professor, professor or heads of departments.
In the analyzes that included all the studied groups of women, by race, ethnic group and type of department, it was concluded that assistants are less likely to become associate professors than their male counterparts. These gender differences have not diminished over the years. Furthermore, this study shows that the gender differences were even greater in the following groups in terms of promotion to full professor.
Less chance of reaching leadership positions
The data from this study also reveal that 38.9% of medical graduates are women, and they make up 40.8 per cent of assistant professors, which shows, according to the survey, that “women are more likely to choose a career in academia than men”.
Regarding the comparison made with other studies that have been done before, those responsible for this study confirm that it confirms the results of the one conducted in 2018 and that it showed that “17 years, women are less likely to reach leadership positions within the medical schools of the United States than men. “
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