The site represents 41% of the surface of the moon.
This Thursday was a historic day for mankind, as it managed to land on the dark side of the Moon. However, what is this territory really?
To understand what the Moon's "other side" means, it's important to note that the moon is in a synchronous rotation around the Earth. This means that it uses the same time for translating around our planet, rather than rotating its own axis, so that we can not see its hidden face or "dark side".
Previously, other spacecraft could observe this hidden face, but nobody landed on it. It all started with the Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 which made the first photos of the hidden face of the Moon in October 1959. 29 images of 66,700 kilometers were taken, showing a mountainous terrain and two dark regions.
Although the probes were sent to many places in space and had photographs from the hidden side of the moon, they did not fly to it. Why? It was not as easy as it seemed. Historically, it was said that this would cause communication problems. Also, the interest of countries is decreasing over time.
However, China scored in a historic mission. Just as the USSR made the first photos almost six decades ago, China managed to plunge into the crater on this side of the moon. Monthly landing that will surely provide valuable information for scientists (check this note).