People with bipolar disorder or who have previously suffered from depression are more likely to suffer seasonal depression or decembre, said neuropsychiatrist Edilberto Penya.
"Those with bipolar depression are more susceptible to accentuating their symptoms at this time, as well as those who have previously suffered from depression," said the director of the Center for Research on the Central Nervous System (Cisne).
The Master of Medical Science said that although there is no global statistics for people suffering from seasonal depression, it is known that at least 9.1% of the Mexican population suffers from depression, "so the population will be susceptible to it."
While about 1.6% of Mexicans suffer from bipolar disorder, so the number may also notice their depression at this time.
"Depression is a disease of the central nervous system, where the characteristic signs are constant sadness for more than two weeks and the loss of the ability to feel satisfaction from the things they give," explained Peniya.
He pointed out that while for many people at the end of the year is one of the best times, for some it is a phase in which it is difficult to get rid of sorrow.
"This may be due to various reasons, starting from the failure to meet the goals and goals, losing loved ones, poor eating habits and drinking, while the days are getting cooler, shorter and darker," he said.
Depression at the end of the year, he explains, has two components, one recognized in the world that is seasonal depression and is depicted by the difference in exposure to hours of sunlight. "It changes the patterns of neurotransmitter secretion, which are favored to become more sad," he explained.
The other component, he added, is the emotional "that brings content to thinking about how it happened in the year, loved ones that are no longer with us, our frustrations, or who have the feeling that the days should be very happy and then feel out of context ".
Penya says many times people feel that he feels bad, but he does not know what he has, and his family, friends and others with little knowledge usually recommend him to "feel that way."
"However, it must be acknowledged that depression is a disease such as gastritis or diabetes, a clinical history should be made, to see if there are other correlated diseases such as hypothyroidism, cancer, heart attack, etc.," he said.
"Depression is a disease, it's not just the normal or expected state of mind at the time, and definitely should not be the cause of weakness or guilt," he said.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), by 2020, depression will be the second cause of disability in the world, and the first in developing countries, such as Mexico.
Penya also said it was necessary to remove the stigma for treatment and to know that there are various mental health experts.
"Not only is a psychiatrist, there are psychologists, counselors, religious ministers, nurses, social workers, all are sensitized with depression and are trained to provide depressive first aid," he said.
Regarding the treatment, the expert explained that it depends on the severity of the depression.
"When it's light or moderate, only psychotherapy and behavioral changes can be used, such as maintaining well-maintained sleeping schedules, balanced nutrition, physical activation and routine activities," he said.
While severe depression is required, it is compulsory to combine psychotherapy with antidepressant drugs "generally between 80% and 90% of cases are discharged between 9 and 12 months."
Finally, he recalled that the most important thing is to ask the professional to have an accurate diagnosis, "because with good diagnosis and treatment patients have a perfect quality of life." EFE