Wednesday , April 21 2021

This is how Mexico has faced the A-H1N1 influenza pandemic



It was immediately decided to close public and private schools at all educational levels, from pre-school to universities, and measures to promote social isolation were implemented.

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Mexico City April 28, 2009 (Photo by Joe Radell / Getty Images)

Mexico City April 28, 2009 (Photo: Joe Radell / Getty Images

The national health system has intensified the functioning of the epidemiological surveillance and has warned all its state units to extend the period of transmission to what was considered a seasonal flu.

According to the Ministry of Health:

Less than a week after declaring its presence in Mexico, the new virus spread to ten other countries in Europe, the Western Pacific and the Middle East.

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(Photo: Joe Radell / Getty Images)

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In Mexico, cases have already been reported in Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi, the state of Mexico, Veracruz, among others.

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<figcaption class=The priest baptizes a baby. May 3, 2009 (Photo: Joe Radell / Getty Images)

The priest baptizes a baby. May 3, 2009 (Photo: Joe Radell / Getty Images)

Then, on April 23, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a public health emergency of international significance.

Overnight, the Mexican government announced a state of emergency. From that moment on, the streets were half-empty, Mexicans had to normalize the image of their face covered with covers, use the antibacterial gel at any time and be far from each other.

April 30, 2009. Mexico (Photo: Joe Radell / Getty Images)

Hugs and kisses also escaped. In those days, people greeted remotely.

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May 1 Mexico City (Photo: Joe Radell / Getty Images)

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Over the course of the pandemic phases, and the list of countries reporting epidemics has grown by 6 April, WHO Director General Margaret Chan announced that the pandemic alert will go to phase 6. There were 74 countries that had at least one confirmed case.

In October 2009, the WHO, through the Pan-American Health Organization (PAO), held a meeting of experts from different parts of the world.

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May 1, 2009. Metro City of Mexico. (Photo: Joe Radell / Getty Images)

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According to the Unit for Special Projects at the UNAM Medical School in the article "Influenza A / H1N1 2009. Chronicle of the First Pandemic of the 21st Century":

The experience accumulated in Mexico has served to make a significant contribution to the world medical community in the preparation of a preliminary practical clinic for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of type A / H1N1 influenza.

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April 28, 2009. Foundation de la Ciudad de México. (Photo: Joe Radell / Getty Images)

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The information made it possible to assume that the new virus circulated in Mexico and the United States, at least from February, without being recognized. In addition, phylogenetic analyzes allowed us to recognize that the precursor virus circulated around the world among pigs a few years earlier.

The Unit for Special Projects at the Medical Faculty announced:

The genetic change, which finally configured the new A / H1N1 2009 virus, occurred in Asia, starting to circulate for several months before being identified.

The test has passed

According to the Unit for Special Projects of the Medical Faculty:

Contrary to all predictions, at the end of November 2009, it was noted that the speed of emergence of new cases was declining in several countries of the northern hemisphere; it can almost immediately be noted that the demand for hospitalization has also decreased, including hospitalization in intensive care services, and finally, it can be noticed that mortality in pneumonia tends to be within the limits established in previous years.

Was Mexico ready?

According to the Ministry of Health in its entry "2009. Mexico is facing a health emergency caused by the onset of the influenza A virus (H1N1):

On 20 October 2005, the Ministry of Health presented the National Response Plan including epidemiological surveillance activities; Early detection of early cases; limiting infection by closing schools and denying mass events; strengthening hospital care and building strategic reserves of antiviral, vaccines and antibiotics.

On the other hand, an investigation by the National Institute of Public Health (INSP) found that while the administration of Felipe Calderon administration reported that they died during a pandemic thousands of 289 people and there were 72 thousand 546 cases of infectionsIn reality, the crisis was much worse: 8000 deaths and 9.5 million cases of infections.

Former INSP director Mauricio Hernandez explained this new numbers were found by following the confirmation of the death of time and dossiers, and after comparing the data with epidemiological reports published in the official database of the Ministry of Health.

According to Hernandez, what happened was that the authorities:

They manipulated the numbers, reported what they wanted.

He also assured that the most important missing in Mexico is because there was only one PCR machine at the National Institute for Epidemiological Diagnostics and Reference (this machine immediately detects the virus and its kind):

For this reason, the Mexican Air Force planes were sent with samples in Canada and the United States to take the number of cases.

According to the former official, the strategy was to resist an external threat (bird flu), but not internal.

But the crisis declined, and on May 4, President Felipe Calderon announced the return of normal activities in a withdrawn way:


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