Thursday , April 22 2021

There are more than 25,000 people infected with HIV in Cuba in late 2018



HIV (VTV)

Some 25,494 people lived with the HIV virus in Cuba at the end of 2018, when more than 2,200 new cases of the disease were detected in Cuba, according to the latest data from the Ministry of Public Health (MINSAP), released on Friday the official site Cubadebate.

80% of the diagnosed (20,446) are men and the rest (5,048) women, the vast majority (74%) from 15 to 49 years old, the report says.

At the end of 2017, Cuba registered 23,283 people with HIV, with a mortality rate of 17%.

According to the United Nations Joint Program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS), there are about 2,000 new infections each year in Cuba, showing a "tendency towards stability".

Out of total infected men, about 86% are men who have sex with other men, the text says.

"These, as people involved in transactional sex (prostitution), women and young people are the most vulnerable to HIV infection," the article adds.

In 1985, four years after the discovery of the disease, the first case of HIV / AIDS was discovered in Cuba by a Cuban who spent two years in Mozambique, Africa.

Since that date, more than 30,000 people have been diagnosed with the virus.

At the start of the epidemic, patients were detained in semi-prisons and military prisons, away from the cities where they were offered treatment and were forbidden to leave, except in rare cases, to prevent the spread of the disease.

Last March, MINSAP began experimentally delivering Pre-Exposure Profiles (PrEP) profiles to prevent the spread of HIV in healthy people and reduces the probability of engaging the virus by 90%.

The island is conducting tests together with the Pan American Health Organization (PAO) and decided to start with the municipality of Karendas, Matanzas, a territory with "accelerated population growth", where 234 people live with HIV, and about 30 new cases are registered each year.


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