As technology progresses, everything that comes back takes up momentum, like astronomy, which already has new goals for this 2019 that starts. For example, silent storms will reach the moon and the spacecraft will visit the farthest subject to date among other human missions.
These are the three most important space missions since 2019:
Osiris-Rex has a land of Bennu
The Osiris-Rex assembly completed its 1.2 billion miles (1.2 billion kilometers) journey to reach the aeroid Bennu earlier this week. The ship is carrying out a maneuver that made it from flying to the asteroid to work around the asteroid, according to the scientific magazine Astrobiology Magazine.
The next step was to launch a preliminary study of the asteroid. The spacecraft will begin with the transitions to the north pole of Bennu, the equatorial region and the south pole, approaching nearly 7 miles above Bennu during each spill. However, the ultimate goal of the mission is Osiris-Rex to set the asteroid and to extract from it a sample of a country that will reach our planet in 2023.
Previous movements around this smaller body of the solar system are trying to find out the mass and speed of Bennu's rotation to give a more precise model of its shape. The data obtained from this preliminary study will help to identify potential sites for the subsequent collection of soil samples. If the mission was finally successful, the earth extracted from the asteroid will help scientists explore how the planets form and how life began. Asteroids like Bennu contain natural resources, such as water, organic and metals. Future exploration of space and economic development may depend on asteroids for these materials, according to a specialized magazine on astrobiology, suggesting that this research could serve to improve our knowledge of asteroids that could affect the Earth.
Landing on the hidden side of the moon
China also has its own plans in space. It is planned for the first days of 2019 to land on the hidden side of the moon. According to SpaceNews, the person in charge of this mission will be his space ship Chang & # 39; e-4. This milestone will be a step forward in the robotics of lunar research. The communication between the ship and the Chinese monitoring stations will be facilitated by Queqiao, a relay satellite with a public 4.2 m antenna, which China launched in May. The mission, in addition to the necessary scientific instruments, will also carry silky storms, which are likely to become the first inhabitants of the satellite.
New horizons are approaching an iceberg outside Pluto
Billions miles away from Pluto, there is a small frozen world baptized by astronomers like Ultima Thule, an ancient term of cartography meaning "outside the famous world". It is located in Kuiper Kinturne, the unexplored "third zone" of our solar system, inhabited by millions of small bodies and ice creams, according to Wired magazine. Although there are no numerous, no object of the Kuiper Kinturne is not near, although for the first time, on the eve of the New Year, NASA will have the opportunity to meet one of these space rocks. The New Horizons probe made the crossing near Ultima Thule, making it the farthest object ever visited by the spaceship, according to the same medium.
New horizons traveled 13 years, traveling 4 billion miles to reach this point. In the latest images captured by the New Horizons investigation, Ultima Thule appears as a distant light spot. By studying the images, they realized that Thule's reality is two separate objects that orbit one another nearby.