In Pikarkin, the San Francisco de Mostazal municipality, Sememi de Salud, together with the Health Service O'Higgins, has officially started taking HIV tests at a regional level, where 38 young people from indigenous peoples were the first, of five thousand Test, which are already available to apply within the term of this year.
These healthcare operations will be carried out in 33 municipalities in the region, where, depending on demand, more HIV tests will be conducted for the first semester of 2019, and the messages are strengthened so that people become aware that they are made on test and use the condom correctly.
Health Seremy O'Higgins, Dr. Rafael Borgono, attended the youth meeting of indigenous peoples from the Macro central zone, able to interact with young people, commenting that "in this first case we have a positive answer, for which we are confident that the swift test will reach all the people who need it in the region, break the barriers, simplify procedures and improve the approach, which is within the priorities of the Government of President Sebastian Pinera. "
The event was attended by Anna Maria San Martin, National Manager of the HIV and STI Program of the Ministry of Health; Francisco Prado, in charge of the HIV / AIDS Program at Seremi de Salud O Higgins; and Katherine Leiva, in charge of the HIV program of the Health Service, stressing that "knowing if someone has HIV allows us to start treatments in a timely manner".
It is important to note that in the OG Higgins region from 2007 to December 2017, there were 1,309 cases reported, and from January 2018 to September 2018, there were 149 confirmed cases. In 2010, 102 cases were reported, and in 2017 164 cases were confirmed, an increase of 61%.
The "fast HIV test" is a research test used to diagnose HIV and has a specificity of 100%. This is done by spraying a finger and extracting a drop of blood, which is then placed in the device and after 15 minutes of waiting, the result is delivered to the patient. If the person who performed it as a reactive result is coordinated with the health team to carry out the ELISA test, which must be confirmed by the Public Health Institute (ISP).
This test does not require a doctor's order or preparation for the exam, the requirement is to carry the ID card, can be taken by those aged over 14 years, and in the case of minors up to 14 years of age, they may do so, but with the authorization of the parents or legal guardians