Sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea and AIDS have shown a steady increase in Chile in recent years. Script for that Hepatitis B is also part of the reason the Health Ministry has increased the age of vaccination of newborns, previously immunized for two months.
According to the report of the Department of Immunization 2019 of the Ministry of Health, most cases in relation to residents occurred in 2013, but since 2009 there has been a steady increase in the amount of the affected.
Last year the rate was 6 for every one hundred thousand inhabitants. The group of 20 to 49 years concentrated 79% of all cases. Between 20 and 34 years, the highest reporting rates were displayed (11.2 and 16.7 per hundred thousand inhabitants).
At the epidemiological level, the alarms continued when 48 cases of hepatitis B have been reported in pregnant women, more than twice the 21 patients reported in 2017. In addition, there were 2 children infected between 1 and 8 years.
The report shows that "Of the total cases in women, pregnant women represented 20% of them. 85% of pregnant women are foreigners. "
With the measure to promote the vaccine for newborns, it is designed to prevent vertical transmission (from mother to child) from the hepatitis B virus, within 24 hours after delivery.
Hepatitis B and its symptoms
Hepatitis B is a disease viral which is recorded throughout the planet. Its cause is a virus that can be transmitted from sexual, perinatal, parenteral (foods that are not made by mouth, for example with blood) and through mucosal contact with infected body fluids.
Mayo Clinic ensures that symptoms usually occur after four months of infection and consist of abdominal pain, dark urine, fever, joint pain, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, weakness and fatigue, yellow pigmentation of the skin and the white part of the eye.
According to Minsal, in most cases it is asymptomatic, so it is diagnosed when it's already advanced. If the person has more than six months, then it becomes chronic and inIt is one of the main causes of cirrhosis, liver and liver cancer.
How to prevent it?
The vaccine against the disease is effective in preventing the disease, reaching 95% levels of protection. The younger patient is, the more effective.
-Prevention through sexl: properly use a condom, an exclusive partner, the absence of sexual activity (abstinence).
Blood Prevention: Avoid sharing syringes for intravenous drug use. Since 1995, donations of blood have been made in Chile.
-Prevention through the vertical: Newborn baby vaccine.
The vaccine for the National Vaccine Program is indicated for:
– A new born.
– Health personnel exposed to possible infections.
People with a diagnosis of chronic renal failure.
– Submissive people of dialysis or peritoneal dialysis.
– People with HIV + and sex workers, with medical indication, without prior vaccination.
-Books in chronic hemodialysis.
-Persons victims of sexual violence between 9 and 26 years old, have not been vaccinated.
– Families of people infected.
– Adults aged 65 years and adults aged 66 and older who have not previously been vaccinated.