Consumption of electronic cigarettes increases the risk of stroke, heart attack or coronary heart disease, according to preliminary results from new medical research published on Wednesday.
The study of the American Heart Association, which will be presented in full next week at an international medical conference to be held in Honolulu (Hawaii, USA), is the largest ever to examine the impact of that type of cigarette in the possibility of suffering from a stroke .
In order to elaborate, scientists have used a database from 2016 with about 400,000 people in 50 countries in the country.
In it, a total of 66,795 people admitted to being frequent consumers of that type of tobacco, compared to 343,856, who said they had never tried to use electronic cigarettes.
The researchers used logistic regression analysis, which is usually used in statistics to predict the outcome of a categorical variable based on independent variables or variables.
Thus, they found that consumers of the so-called. e-cigarettes had a higher risk compared to non-smokers suffering from a series of health problems: in fact, 71% were more likely to suffer stroke, 59% more likely to suffer a heart attack or angina pectoris, and 40% more than have coronary heart disease.
The study also found that 4.2% of "evaporators" said they had a stroke, although the data in the analysis did not reflect the number of deaths attributable to this type of addiction.
"Compared with non-consumers, consumers of electronic cigarettes were younger, had a lower body mass index and a lower diabetes rate," said one of the authors of the analysis, Paul M. Nunda from the Medical School. University of Kansas.
According to data collected in the survey, in 2016, 3.2% of adults in the United States and 11.3% of high school students admitted that they consumed electronic cigarettes in the previous 30 days.
Between 2011 and 2015, its use increased by 900% among young people in the country.
The analysis will be presented next week at the International Conference on Brain Injury in Honolulu.
The American Heart Association recalls that nicotine-containing electronic cigarettes are tobacco and should be subject to the regulations that apply to these types of products and demanded that legislation be adopted to prevent young people from accessing so-called. e-cigarettes.