Bilbao– One and a half million Spaniards will take an antibiotic today. A lot of truth? Yes, many. Because Spain takes – with more than 32 daily doses per thousand inhabitants – the head of European countries in the consumption of this type of drug without any epidemiological reason justifying it, according to the latest Eurobarometer on antimicrobial resistance. In addition, 20% do so to treat cold, despite the fact that 43% of the population knows they are useless from viruses, and 66% are aware that they are not working to treat cold. In addition, NHS professionals are among those who tend to use these wide-range drugs (used against several groups of bacteria) when it is recommended to be refined as much as possible in treatments.
Thus, a study by Jordi Goal Institute for Primary Health Research concluded that 85.5% of antibiotics prescribed for pharyngitis and 69.8% of those indicated for respiratory infections of the bronchi or lungs are completely unnecessary. Why is it wrong? Among the reasons that are recognized, the pressure of the patients is quoted, so that the doctor prescribes something more powerful than the simple remedy for alleviating the symptoms or fear of pinching the fingers and that the bronchitis ends with pneumonia.
"Bacteria have become resistant due to inadequate use of antibiotics, which includes behaviors such as the use of these drugs without a doctor's prescription or the use of antibiotics to treat infections such as influenza or influenza," explains Dr. Jaime Esteban, Secretary of the Society for infectious diseases and clinical microbiology, which warns of the severity of the problem. "If we do not have effective antibiotics to treat and prevent infections, organ transplantation, chemotherapy and surgery will become more dangerous," he says.
It is already known that the development and spread of multiresistant bacteria is a real threat to global public health. And the Spanish state is once again in the lead because it is also one of the first countries in Europe in the number of such infections. Jordi Nicholas, a specialist in hospital pharmacy, says that "they have implemented programs to optimize the use of antibiotics that are being paid. In fact, the hospital pharmaceutical service actively cooperates in combating resistance through the selection and positioning of new antimicrobials, as well as in the adequacy of antibiotic treatments.
In this context of growing concern, the biopharmaceutical company Pfizer joined the WHO led campaign through the World Week of Consciousness on the Use of Antibiotics and launched the bug bus initiative (Bug Bus, in English), which will travel to several European cities and has already arrived in Madrid. In the words of his medical director, Jorge Saenc, "The Bus Bugs Initiative responds to the need to continue with an emphasis on information campaigns to promote training, education and awareness of the problem that applies to all of us, with the goal of promoting behavior change ".
Revealed a century ago, antibiotics are the only weapon available to fight bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites. Without them, there is no modern medicine. And yet, the abuse and abuse of these treatments, not only in human health, but especially in livestock and agriculture, have made antimicrobial resistance rising.
"Antibiotics are an extremely valuable resource, so it's important to take appropriate advice before taking them and not allowing them to be carried away by beliefs," said Oskar Lopez, a member of the Official College of Pharmacists in Madrid.